Truth, Propositions and Context

  • Christopher Gauker
Part of the Synthese Library book series (SYLI, volume 320)


Truth, in at least one sense, pertains to sentences. Whether a sentence is true often depends on the context. The clerk in a shoe store says, “All shoes are 20% off ”. This means not that the prices of all shoes in the world are reduced by 20% but only that the prices of all shoes for sale in his shop are reduced by 20%. A student declares, “Prof. Gauker’s assignment is impossible”. This means not that an assignment that someone has given to Prof. Gauker is impossible but that the assignment that Prof. Gauker has given to his students is impossible.


Semantic Theory Truth Predicate Indicative Conditional Declarative Sentence Logical Validity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Cummins, R. (1996). Representations, Targets, and Attitudes. MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.Google Scholar
  2. Fodor, J. A. (1987). Psychosemantics: The Problem of Meaning in the Philosophy of Mind. MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.Google Scholar
  3. Gauker, C. (1994). Thinking Out Loud: An Essay on the Relation between Thought and Language. Princeton University Press, Princeton.Google Scholar
  4. Gauker, C. (1995). Review of Ruth Garrett Millikan, White Queen Psy-chology and Other Essays for Alice. Philosophical Psychology, 8: 441–449.Google Scholar
  5. Gauker, C. (1997). Universal instantiation: a study of the role of context in logic. Erkenntnis, 46: 185–214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Lewis, D. (1975). Languages and language. In Gunderson K., editor, Language, Mind and Knowledge, pp. 3–35. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis.Google Scholar
  7. Millikan, R. (1993). White Queen Psychology and Other Essays for Alice. MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.Google Scholar
  8. Stalnaker, R. (1999). Indicative conditionals. In Context and Content, pp. 63–77. Oxford University Press, Oxford.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher Gauker
    • 1
  1. 1.University of CincinnatiUSA

Personalised recommendations