Empirical and Philosophical Aspects of a Definition of Health and Disease

  • Manuel Lavados
Part of the Philosophy and Medicine book series (PHME, volume 72)


The first part of this article undertakes the task of examining the phenomenon of disease as it is encountered in the clinical setting, with the aim of adequately determining the concept. We shall find that disease constitutes a family of concepts, which are related but distinguishable. The categories of disease, understood broadly, which shall emerge in our examination are illness; disease, understood narrowly; and injury. The narrow determination of ‘disease’ falls within the extension of the broad genus of disease in conformity with an unfortunate ambiguity of language.


Subjective Experience Reference Class Biomedical Model Holistic Model Statistical Normality 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manuel Lavados
    • 1
  1. 1.Pontificia Universidad Católica de ChileSantiagoChile

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