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In the middle of the 19th century William Gladstone, classicist and Prime-Minister, argued that Homeric Greeks perceived colour differently from contemporary Europeans. Gladstone’s evidence for this claim was scholarly and philological. The colour words one found in Homer differed from contemporary colour words. Gladstone proposed an evolutionary explanation for this difference: colour vision must have evolved between antiquity and the nineteenth-century.
KeywordsColour Vision Colour Word Colour Perception Colour Naming Evolutionary Explanation
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