Advertisement

GIS Modelling for Rain-Induced Debris-Flow Hazards in a Small Watershed

  • Shipeng Zhao
  • Toshikazu Tamura
Chapter
  • 288 Downloads
Part of the The GeoJournal Library book series (GEJL, volume 70)

Abstract

Debris-flows, which are a type of mass movement initiated on hillslopes or in channels by either intense rainfall, snowmelt, or rapid runoff, can cause substantial damage and loss of life, particularly in mountainous and hilly areas. Therefore, assessment of debris-flow hazards is imperative for disaster prevention and watershed management in montane environments.

Keywords

Debris Flow Return Period Heavy Rain Peak Discharge Shallow Landslide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abel, D.J., P.J. Kilby and J.R. Davis (1994), `The system integration problem.’ International Journal of Geographical Information Systems, 8, 1–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anderson, S.A. and N. Sitar (1995), `Analysis of rainfall-induced debris flows.’ Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, 121, 544–552.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Campbell, R.H. (1975), Soil slips, debris flows, and rainstorms in the Santa Monica Mountains and vicinity, Southern California: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 851, 51 pp.Google Scholar
  4. Chatterjee, D. (1999), `A GIS-assisted analysis of landslide distribution on hillslopes divided by slope breaks.’ Science Reports, Tohoku Univ., 7th Ser. (Geography), 49, 69–80.Google Scholar
  5. Cooke, R.U. (1984), Geomorphological Hazards in Los Angles: A Study of Slope and SedimentProblems in a Metropolitan County. London, 206 pp.Google Scholar
  6. Costa, J. E. (1984), `Physical geomorphology of debris flows.’ In J.E. Costa and P.J. Fleisher (eds.), Developments and Applications of Geomorphology, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 268–317.Google Scholar
  7. Hubbard, B. and M.F. Sheridan (1999), GIS Model of the 1920 Seismogenic Debris Fow inVeracruz, Mexico. UCGIS Buffalo HomePage.Google Scholar
  8. lida, T. (1999), `A stochastic hydro-geomorphological model for shallow landsliding due to rainstorm.’ Catena, 34, 293–313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. lida, T. and K. Tanaka (1997), `The relationship between topography and soil depth measured with the portable penetration test apparatus.’ Transactions, Japanese Geomorphological Union, 18, 61–78, (in Japanese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  10. Ishiguro, M. (1961), `On the estimation of probable rainfall intensity formula by specific coefficient methods.’ Transactions, Japan Society of Civil Engineers, 74, 19–26 (in Japanese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  11. Iverson, R.M. (1997a), `Debris-flow mobilization from landslides.’ Ann. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci., 25, 85–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Iverson, R.M. (1997b), `The physics of debris flows.’ Reviews of Geophysics, 35, 245–296.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Jenson S. K. and J.O. Domingue (1988), `Extracting Topographic Structure from Digital Elevation Data for Geographic Information System Analysis.’ Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, 54, 1593–1600.Google Scholar
  14. Jin, M., and D.L. Fread (1997), `One-dimensional routing of mud/debris flows using NWS FLDWAV MODEL.’ In C.L. Chen (eds.), Debris flow Hazards Mitigation: Mechanics, Prediction, and Assessment: Proceeding of First International Conference, San Francisco, USA, pp. 687–698.Google Scholar
  15. Li, Y. and T. Tamura (1999), `Regolith slide recurrence history indicated by radiocarbon ages in the hills around Sendai, Northeastern Japan.’ Science Reports, Tohoku Univ., 7th Ser. (Geography), 49, 55–67.Google Scholar
  16. Mizuyama, T., and Y. lshikawa (1990), Prediction of Debris Flow Prone Areas and Damage: American Society of Civil Engineers, Proceedings of International Symposium Hydraulics/Hydrology of Arid Lands. San Diego, California, pp. 712–717.Google Scholar
  17. Montgomery, D.R. and W.E. Dietrich (1994), `A physically based model for the topographic control on shallow landsliding.’ Water Resources Research, 30, 1153–1171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Morgan, B.A., G.F. Wieczorek, R.H. Campbell and P.L. Gori (1997), Debris-Flow Hazards in areas Affected by the June 27, 1995 Storm in Madison County, Virginia,USGS open file report, pp. 97–438.Google Scholar
  19. Saczuk, E.A.R. and J.S. Gardner (1998), `GIS-based mapping and modeling of debris flows in Banff National Park.’ Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, 24, 53–59.Google Scholar
  20. Sano, T. (1999), `Analysis of two storm events triggering shallow landslides.’ In T. Tamura (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  21. Shindo, S. (1983), `Occurrence of landslides at the head of stream and its relation to subsurface flow. Report of Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research of the Ministry of Education, Science, Sports and Culture of Japan, Project No.: 5702509 (1982), pp. 76–77 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  22. Strahler, A.N. (1957), `Quantitative analysis of watershed geomorphology.’ Transactions, American Geophysical Union, 38, 913–920.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Sugawara, M. and E. Ozaki (1988), `On the analysis of runoff in Yangtze River.’ Journal of Japan Society of Hydrology and Water Resources, 1, 9–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Takahashi, T. (1977), `A mechanism of occurrence of mud-debris flows and their characteristics in motion.’ Annual Reports, Inst. Disaster Prevention, Kyoto Univ., 20, 1–31.Google Scholar
  25. Takahashi, T. (1981), `Estimation of potential debris flows and their hazardous zones: soft countermeasures for a disaster.’ Natural Disaster Science, 3, 57–89.Google Scholar
  26. Takahashi, T. (1989), `Debris flow hazard zone mapping.’ In Proceedings of the Japan-China (Taipei) Joint Seminar on Natural Hazard Mitigation, Kyoto, Japan, pp. 363–372.Google Scholar
  27. Takahashi, T. (1991), Debris Flow. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, 165 pp.Google Scholar
  28. Tamura, T. (1999), Geomorphic position and recurrence history of regolith slides and their relation to hillslope development, Report of Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B) of the Ministry of Education, Science, Sports and Culture of Japan, Project Number: 09480021 (1997–1998), 127 pp. (in Japanese with English abstract).Google Scholar
  29. Tarboton, D.G., R.L. Bras and I. Rodriguez-lturbe (1991), `On the Extraction of Channel Networks from Digital Elevation Data.’ Hydrological Processes, 5, 81–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Zhao S.P., C. Zhou, Y. Xie and X. Xu (1996), `Study on Integration of GIS and Expert System for Mudflow Hazard Assessment.’ Remote Sensing of Environment (China), 11(3) (in Chinese with English abstract).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shipeng Zhao
    • 1
  • Toshikazu Tamura
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Geography, Graduate School of ScienceTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan

Personalised recommendations