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Species Concept in Sarocladium, the Causal Agent of Sheath Rot in Rice and Bamboo Blight

  • D. A. Pearce
  • P. D. Bridge
  • D. L. Hawksworth
Chapter

Abstract

Sarocladium is a genus of hyphomycetes resembling Verticillium and Gliocladium. It is the causal organism of sheath rot of rice and blight in bamboo. Sarocladium oryzae was once considered to be a minor disease of rice, but is becoming increasingly destructive and widely distributed. It infects rice plants at various stages of growth, entering through stomata or wounds, but is most destructive after booting, and frequently associated with the presence of insect damage or Pseudomonas infection. The management of sheath rot of rice by cultural, biological, and chemical methods has been reviewed (Ramabadran et al., 1990), although no effective control methods are currently available, seed treatment with fungicides such as Dithane M-45 and Benlate effectively eliminates seedborne inocula.

Keywords

Species Concept Ammonium Oxalate Commonwealth Mycological Institute Conidial Size Infraspecific Variation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. A. Pearce
    • 1
  • P. D. Bridge
    • 1
  • D. L. Hawksworth
    • 1
  1. 1.CABI BioScienceEgham, SurreyUK

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