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Genetic Studies on Rice Blast Relationships

  • S. Kiyosawa
  • Z. Ling
Chapter

Abstract

Genetics of disease resistance is different from genetics of other characters because it is genetics of interaction of two organisms, the host and the pathogen. Genetics of blast resistance in rice advanced as follows: 1) the first studies on genetics and discovery of races of blast fungus (Sasaki, 1922a,b); 2) breeding of highly resistant varieties using introduced rice varieties (Kitamura, 1962); 3) resistance tests with many varieties and many fungus isolates and establishment of the first differential varieties (Goto, 1961, 1964; Kozaka, 1972); 4) the first genetic studies using single fungus strains (Niizeki, 1960; Iwata and Narita, 1961); 5) beginning of systematic studies on genetics of resistance (Yamasaki and Kiyosawa, 1966); 6) finding of gene-for-gene interaction in rice blast relationship; 7) breakdown (high infection) due to failure of varieties with initially high resistance introduced from foreign varieties (Yamada, 1965); 8) identification of different fungal strains and classification of varieties based on their resistance pattern to fungal strains; 9) establishment of nine Japanese differential varieties with single resistance genes (Yamada et al., 1976) and twelve Kiyosawa’s differential varieties (Kiyosawa, 1984b); 10) finding of 13 blast resistance genes (Kiyosawa, 1974, 1986; Imbe and Matsumoto, 1985); 11) beginning of international investigations at IRRI and 12) establishment of near-isogenic lines by several investigators.

Keywords

Resistance Gene Fungus Strain Rice Variety Rice Blast Blast Resistance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Kiyosawa
    • 1
  • Z. Ling
    • 2
  1. 1.Kukizaki, Inashiki, IbarakiJapan
  2. 2.Breeding and Cultivation, Chinese Academy of Agricultural SciencesBeijingChina

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