Experimental Evidence for the Proposed Model
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As discussed in the previous chapter, there are two possible mechanisms of introducing a NP into discourse. The first, Incorporation, requires a minimum number of inferences, and can be expected to be very fast and automatic. NPs in this case are not represented by a new file card in discourse, and they do not receive a new index. The second mechanism, Accommodation, requires a certain amount of inferences (to build a bridge between two file cards), which may be expected to take more time. There are several experimental studies that bear on this issue. Here, I discuss an experiment reported by Acker and Boland (1992); for more references the reader is referred to their original work.
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