The Vigier Pinch

The Gravitational Geometry of Photons in an Expanding Universe Model
  • P. Ecimovic
  • M. Kafatos
  • R. Amoroso
Conference paper
Part of the Fundamental Theories of Physics book series (FTPH, volume 97)


A model massive extended photons will be deduced from a modified Tolman-Ehrenfst-Podolsky calculation of the gravitational field of a photon-pulse pencil in the context of an expanding universe model in which R Universe expands at the speed of light. In such a model, only the asymptotic case of R Universe → ∞ corresponds to the photon’s Vigier mass approaching zero, i.e., m γ → 0, whereas for all R Universe < ∞, m γ < 0. The spread of the photon’s wavepacket corresponds to the space-like extension of the photon. Where the extension of the photon is of the order of the photon’s de Broglie wavelength, its corresponding Vigier mass is of the order of 10−65 g


Gravitational Field Test Particle Finite Length Rest Mass Energy Tensor 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Ecimovic
    • 1
  • M. Kafatos
    • 2
  • R. Amoroso
    • 3
  1. 1.Section for Logic and Theory of Science, Dept. of PhilosophyUniversity of LjubljanaLjubljanaSlovenia
  2. 2.Center for Earth Observing and Space ResearchGeorge Mason UniversityFairfaxUSA
  3. 3.The Noetic InstituteOrindaUSA

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