Lexical Rules for Deverbal Adjectives

  • Victor Raskin
  • Sergei Nirenburg
Part of the Text, Speech and Language Technology book series (TLTB, volume 10)


This paper deals with a particular microtheory developed in the framework of the Mikrokosmos computational semantic project.The microtheory of adjectival semantics is considered in one specific aspect, namely, the optimization and facilitation of the lexical entries for deverbal adjectives with the help of lexical rules deriving such entries from those of the corresponding verbs. Deverbal adjectives turn out to be the largest single subclass in the adjective lexical category. Unlike scalar and relative (or relational) adjectives, which are anchored in property and object concepts, respectively, in the underlying ontology, deverbal adjectives are based on process concepts. While acquisition with lexical rules is necessary, universal and efficient for the class of deverbal adjectives, our research shows that, often in spite of the strong appearance to the contrary, such acquisition is neither fully automatic nor cost-free. The work was based on the set of over 6,000 English and about 1,500 Spanish adjectives obtained from task-oriented corpora. The findings are largely language-independent, and only English examples are used throughout the paper.


Machine Translation Lexical Entry Ontological Concept Property Concept Gradable Adjective 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Victor Raskin
    • 1
  • Sergei Nirenburg
    • 1
  1. 1.Computing Research LaboratoryNew Mexico State UniversityLas CrucesUSA

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