Industrial and Commercial Water Demands

  • Steven Renzetti
Part of the Water Science and Technology Library book series (WSTL, volume 46)


As the other chapters in this volume indicate, there has been a substantial amount of effort devoted by water utility managers and researchers to understand the features of urban residential households’ water demands. A particular interest has been to estimate the price and income elasticities of residential water demands. It is important to note that, while households make up the largest water-using sector in most urban centres, non-residential water-use typically accounts for 30–40% of water utilities’ total output (Solley, Pierce and Perlman, 1999; Environment Canada, 2002). Thus, for many water utilities facing the increasing costs of developing new sources for potable water, industrial, commercial and institutional water-use is being seen increasingly as a source for conservation through improvements in water-use efficiency.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steven Renzetti
    • 1
  1. 1.Brock UniversityUSA

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