Concluding Remarks

  • Donald E. Agthe
  • R. Bruce Billings
  • Nathan Buras
Part of the Water Science and Technology Library book series (WSTL, volume 46)


Groundwater overdraft and surface water depletion due to expanding populations and increased water use per capita is a major challenge to urban water providers. An equally severe challenge is prevention of further pollution of drinking water sources and the cleanup of already polluted sources. Part of the answer to both challenges is wastewater treatment to allow effective use of recycled water and implementation of effective prices and markets in controlling water demand. Security of supply, both with respect to multi-year fluctuations in precipitation and temperature and preventing terrorist attacks, is important and will require increasing resources. Provision of safe affordable drinking water and appropriate wastewater collection and treatment for burgeoning urban populations worldwide has so far remained chronically beyond the reach of many countries. Effective political support for technical, economic, and engineering solutions to these challenges is essential.


Urban Water Drinking Quality Water Water Service Recycle Water Urban Water Supply 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donald E. Agthe
  • R. Bruce Billings
    • 1
  • Nathan Buras
    • 1
  1. 1.University of ArizonaUSA

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