Solving Groundwater Overdraft in Arizona Urban Areas

  • Donald E. Agthe
  • R. Bruce Billings
Part of the Water Science and Technology Library book series (WSTL, volume 46)


Arizona’s rapid economic and population growth since 1950 has relied heavily on mined groundwater. With limited surface water because of its generally arid climate, many parts of the State have experienced considerable groundwater overdraft. In 1980 the Arizona State Legislature passed the Groundwater Management Act (GMA) which was intended to limit ground water pumping for both agricultural and urban use in order to reduce the adverse effects associated with aquifer depletion. The GMA created administrative units called Active Management Areas (AMA) to carry out this reduction in groundwater use.


Land Subsidence Water Rate Earth Fissure Water Provider Safe Yield 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Black and Veatch, 1995,1997, 1999. Arizona Water/Wastewater Survey, Phoenix, Arizona.Google Scholar
  2. Briggs, P., 2000. “Can Water Supplies Keep Up with Population Growth?” unpublished paper presented at 20th Anniversary Symposium of Arizona’s Groundwater Act, Tempe, Arizona, May 1–2.Google Scholar
  3. Carpenter, M.C., 1999. “South Central Arizona: Earth Fissures and Subsidence Complicate Development of Desert Water Resources,” in D. Galloway, D.R. James, and S.E. Ingebritsen, eds., Land Subsidence in the United States, U.S. Geological Survey, Circular 1182: 65–81.Google Scholar
  4. Fuller, J.R., 1998. Financing the Central Arizona Project, Ph.D. dissertation, University of Arizona.Google Scholar
  5. Gelt, J., 1992. “Land Subsidence, Earth Fissures Change Arizona’s Landscape,” Arroyo, 6(2): 1–4.Google Scholar
  6. Martin, W.E., and S. Kulakowski, 1991. “Water Prices as a Policy Variable in Managing Urban Water,” Water Resources Research, 27(2, Feb.): 156–166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Martin, W.E., H.M. Ingram, N.H. Laney, and A.W. Griffin, 1985. Saving water in a Desert City. Resources for the Future, Baltimore.Google Scholar
  8. Phoenix AMA, 1999. Third Management Plan for Phoenix Active Management Area.Google Scholar
  9. Prescott AMA, 1999. Third Management Plan for Prescott Active Management Area.Google Scholar
  10. Tucson AMA, 1999. Third Management Plan for Tucson Active Management Area.Google Scholar
  11. Water Infrastructure Finance Authority of Arizona, 1999. Arizona Water and Wastewater Residential Rates- 1999 Survey, Phoenix.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donald E. Agthe
  • R. Bruce Billings
    • 1
  1. 1.University of ArizonaUSA

Personalised recommendations