On the Semantics of Troponymy
The principal relation linking verbs in a semantic network is the manner relation (or “troponymy”). We examine the nature of troponymy across different semantic domains and verb classes in an attempt to arrive at a more subtle understanding of this intuitive relation. Troponymy is not a semantically homogeneous relation; rather, it is polysemous and encompasses distinct sub-relations. We identify and discuss Manner, Function, and Result.
Furthermore, different kinds of troponyms differ from their semantically less elaborated superordinates in their syntactic behavior. In some cases, troponyms exhibit a wider range of syntactic alternations; in other cases, the troponyms are more restricted in their argument-projecting properties.1
KeywordsSemantic Similarity Semantic Relation Semantic Network Manner Elaboration Manner Relation
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