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Community Subjective Well-Being, Personality Traits and Quality of Life Therapy

  • David M. S. Kimweli
  • William E. Stilwell
Chapter
Part of the Social Indicators Research Series book series (SINS, volume 17)

Abstract

In this study, factors that are instrumental in improving individuals’ as well as communities’ subjective well-being (SWB) and Quality of Life (QOL) such as positive and negative relationships, personality characteristics or traits as defined by family members or spouse, perceptions of the future as looking good, and psychological factors (such as congruency, thriving/resilience personality, belongingness, external and internal power and psychoallostasis), demographic variables, and religion were examined. The findings indicate that congruency with one’s community values and expectations, belongingness, thriving personality, psychoallostasis and positive relationships or closeness to people in one’s community, and the perception of the future both for the individual and for the community as bright, are important indicators of Quality of life and increased Subjective well-being. Additionally, family or spousal ratings of personality characteristics as desirable affected SWB only if the ratings corresponded to the individuals’ rating. Path analysis indicate that the high levels of happiness experienced by people living in Individualistic-sub-collectivistic cultures such as Appalachia is strongly linked to communal homeostasis and psychoallostasis lifestyles prevalent in these communities. Implications of these findings to Quality of life therapy (QOLT) and healthy psychology at both the individual level and community level are discussed.

Key Words

Appalachia Anxiety Clinical cognitive-restructuring community well-being coping counseling cross-cultural culture depression disasters enmasse inoculation intervention treatment happiness healthy psychology Kentucky mental health optimism other personality traits positive affect power prevention psychiatrist psychodynamic psychotherapy quality of life relationships religion resilience satisfaction self subjective well-being technology therapy trauma thriving 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • David M. S. Kimweli
    • 1
  • William E. Stilwell
    • 1
  1. 1.Educational and Counseling Psychology Department College of EducationThe University of KentuckyLexingtonUSA

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