Integrity — Personal, Moral, and Professional

  • Albert W. Musschenga
Part of the Library of Ethics and Applied Philosophy book series (LOET, volume 11)


In this chapter I start, in the introduction, with mapping the diverse functions, dimensions, values and virtues of integrity. This enables me to clarify, in the sections 7 – 13, ongoing discussions about integrity, such as about the precise nature of the relation between personal and moral integrity, and between local and moral integrity. The issues in these discussions are, e.g., whether praising someone for having integrity does or does not always imply a positive judgement on the (moral) value of his projects, and whether local integrity requires global moral integrity. Many features that I identify as connected with integrity, actually are conditions people have to meet for being a person of integrity. They are defming characteristics of agency. This is why I have to discuss, in the sections 2 – 6, the psychological concept of unified agency and the role of consistency and coherence in unified agency, before entering the debate on the evaluative concept of integrity.


authenticity coherence congruence consistency evaluative consistency (formal global local material moral personal) integrity trait trait globality unified agency unity of virtues virtues of integrity 


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  • Albert W. Musschenga

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