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The argument underlying this monograph is well expressed in Gilligan’s words quoted above. Research findings seem to confirm both Gilligan’ s and Kurtz and Turpin’s theories on violence. Thus, violence is to be considered a result of “causal connections between personal-level and global-level structures, processes and behaviors” (Kurtz and Turpin, 1997:208), with both “cross-cut by gender” (Moser, 2001:39). It is evident that an understanding of the role of structural violence in both the creation of situations in which violence against women occurs and in the development of effective social responses and prevention measures to it is necessary in any society, and in a society under stress in particular. Indeed, although social change is the reality of almost all countries in the contemporary (globalized) world, the speed and accumulation of changes and related stresses in everyday life are more pronounced in developing and war-affected societies. Thus, doing research on interconnections between social change, gender and violence in post-communist and war-affected societies has allowed me to identify a multitude of causes of violence against women in the post-Cold War world.
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