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Civil Society, Feminism and Institutional Changes

  • Vesna Nikolic-Ristanovic
Chapter
  • 125 Downloads
Part of the Social Indicators Research Series book series (SINS, volume 10)

Abstract

As demonstrated in previous chapters, economic hardships and the widening of social differences resulted from the introduction of a market economy, rapid privatization and war. Combined with a renewed traditionalism and masculinity crisis and an upheaval in the traditional gender structure in the institution of marriage, this led to negative consequences in marital relationships. In addition, the widening of the gap between poor and rich countries, ethnic conflicts and war, as well as related migration, led to the commercialization of women’s bodies and the expansion of the sex industry in general, and prostitution, in particular. Thus, the costs of changes, in terms of deterioration of interpersonal relationships and violence, seem to be high in all four countries, with people from Serbia and Macedonia being in the worst situation, since they were additionally affected by ethnic conflicts and militarism.

Keywords

Civil Society Domestic Violence Sexual Violence Battered Woman Roma Woman 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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    Anna Bethlen, counselor for women’s issues in the Ministry of Social Affairs-Secretariat for Women (Hungary), who is also a volunteer with NANE, gave a good example of this. In the interview conducted on May 1, 1999, she said: “I think that Government does not have a real interest in our actions - it was their obligation toward international bodies to establish that department and they did it because of that. So we have to fight a lot to be visible. We are now on a lower level than we were before the most recent change of Government. Now we are a department with less competence than before. Our staff was changed too, so we now have new people who do not know the problem very well. We have seven persons who are professionals but they are not trained to deal with women’s issues. We also have a fund for helping women’s NGO’s but it is seven million forints and that is too little for us to help in an effective way and it makes our actions ineffective. And we have a very limited function so that we do not have a real impact on solving women’s problems. Because of that, I made a proposal for the establishment of a special state institution, which can help NGO’s dealing with violence against women. Also, this institution would deal with the reactions of state bodies (court, police) to violence against women and help finance organizations that can provide help to victims - urgent help, psychological help, legal help, help to get access to the social system, etc. This institution is also going to deal with raising awareness of women victims, who do not know how to reach those who can help them, and it should build a network of both governmental and nongovernmental organizations.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vesna Nikolic-Ristanovic
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Criminological and Sociological ResearchBelgradeSerbia

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