Advertisement

The Periodic Table: The Ultimate Paper Tool in Chemistry

  • Eric Scerri
Chapter
Part of the Boston Studies in the Philosophy and History of Science book series (BSPS, volume 222)

Abstract

The term paper tool as well as similar ones like conceptual tools, tools of representation, and tool-box of science, have begun to creep into the literature, especially in the history of science. The first of these terms, paper tools, was coined by Ursula Klein (Klein, “Berzelian Formulas”). The other terms I mention, which evoke similar ideas have been used by the likes of Bruno Latour, Jed Buchwald and Nancy Cartwright in spite of their widely diverging philosophical orientations. In addition terms like “tools of representation” are sometimes used by scientists, in particular in the computational sciences. Since one theme of this volume is `paper tools in chemistry and other experimental science’ I will try to say a few words about how I interpret this phrase.

Keywords

Periodic Table Periodic System Atomic Weight Equivalent Weight Horizontal Relationship 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bensaude-Vincent, B. “Mendeleev’s Periodic System of the Elements.” British Journal for the History of Science 19 (1986): 3–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bills, J. L. “Experimental 4s and 3d Energies in Atomic Ground States.” Journal of Chemical Education 75 (1998): 589–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Born, M. Atomic Physics, Dover Reprint Series. First published in 1935 by Blackie and Son, Glasgow. New York: Dover, 1989.Google Scholar
  4. Brush, S. G. “Dynamics of Theory Change: The Role of Predictions.” In Proceedings of the 1994 Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association. Vol. 2, Symposia and Invited Papers, edited by D. Hull, M. Forbes and R. M. Burian. East Lansing Michigan: Philosophy of Science Association, 1995.Google Scholar
  5. Brush, S. G.“The Reception of Mendeleev’s Periodic Law in America and in Britain.” /sis 87 (1996): 595–628.Google Scholar
  6. Campbell, N. R. What Is Science? New York: Dover, 1952.Google Scholar
  7. Duhem, P. The Aim and Structure of Physical Theory. Translated by P. Wiener. New York: Athaneum Press, 1962.Google Scholar
  8. Emerson, K. “The Quantum Mechanical Explanation of the Periodic System.” Journal of Chemical Education 76 (1999): 1189–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gmelin, L. Handbuch der Chemie. 4th ed. Heidelberg: Karl Winter, 1843.Google Scholar
  10. Hesse, M. Models and Analogies in Science. South Bend, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press, 1966.Google Scholar
  11. Hull, D., M. Forbes, and R. M. Burian, eds. Proceedings of the 1994 Biennial’ Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association. Vol. 2, Symposia and Invited Papers. East Lansing Michigan: Philosophy of Science Association, 1995.Google Scholar
  12. Janich, P., and N. Psarros, eds. Die Sprache der Chemie. Würzburg: Kbninghausen & Neumann, 1996. Klein, U. “Berzelian Formulas as Paper Tools in Early Nineteenth-Century Chemistry.” Foundations of Chemistry 3, no. 1 (2001): 7–32.Google Scholar
  13. Lipton, P. “Prediction and Prejudice.” International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 4 (1990): 51–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Mazurs, E. One Hundred Years of Graphic Representation of the Periodic System. Tuscaloosa: Alabama University Press, 1974.Google Scholar
  15. Mendeleev, D. I. The Principles of Chemistry. London: Longman’s, 1905.Google Scholar
  16. Nelson, P. G. “Relative Energies of 3d and 4s Orbitals.” Education in Chemistry 29 (1992): 84–85. Pilar, F. L. “4s Is Always above 3d!” Journal of Chemical Education 55 (1978): 2–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Rocke, A. J. “Atoms and Equivalents: The Early Development of the Chemical Atomic Theory.” Historical Studies in the Physical Sciences 9 (1978): 225–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Rocke, A. J. Chemical Atomism in the Nineteenth Century: From Dalton to Canni Columbus: OhioState University Press, 1984.Google Scholar
  19. Scerri, E. R. “Transition Metal Configurations and Limitations of the Orbital Approximation.” Journal of Chemical Education 66 (1989): 481–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Scerri, E. R. “Stephen Brush, the Periodic Table and the Nature of Chemistry.” In Die Sprache der Chemie,edited by P. Janich and N. Psarros. Würzburg: Kóninghausen & Neumann, 1996.Google Scholar
  21. Scerri, E. R. “The Periodic Table and the Electron.” American Scientist 85 (1997): 546–53.Google Scholar
  22. Scerri, E. R. “The Evolution of the Periodic System.” Scientific American 279 (1998): 78–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Scerri, E. R. “How Good Is the Quantum Mechanical Explanation of the Periodic System?” Journal of Chemical Education 75 (1998): 1384–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Scerri, E. R. “The Quantum Mechanical Explanation of the Periodic System.” Journal of ChemicalEducation 76 (1999): 1189–89.Google Scholar
  25. Scerri, E. R., and J. Worrall. “Prediction and the Periodic System.” Studies in History and Philosophy of Science (in press).Google Scholar
  26. Spronsen, J. W. van. The Periodic System of Chemical Elements: A History of the First Hundred Years. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1969.Google Scholar
  27. Vanquickenborne, L. G., K. Pierloot, and D. J. Devoghel. “Transition Metals and the Aufbau Principle.” Journal of Chemical Education 71 (1994): 469–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eric Scerri
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Chemistry & BiochemistryUniversity of CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

Personalised recommendations