Practising bioethics as a scientific discipline requires the existence of a certain infrastructure as well as the availability of basic tools and services, as well as professional co-operation. Like any other science, bioethics is an organized social activity. While the collective goal of the work is the advancement of knowledge, individual professionals can specialize in particular methods, theories, topics and skills. In the early days, bioethics was very much an individual affair. In most countries, some individual personalities developed into specialists of bioethics, sometimes monopolizing public debate. Later, when more scholars entered the profession of bioethics, the institutional basis of bioethics expanded. At the moment, we can witness a growing number of university departments, centres, institutes or units, specifically focused on ethics (sometimes in combination with other disciplines, such as medical philosophy, history of medicine, medical humanities, social medicine). This institutionalisation not only shows that job opportunities for bioethicists are multiplying, but also that the discipline itself is recognized as contributor to medical education, clinical training and practical health care.
KeywordsMedical Ethic Framework Programme Applied Ethic Practical Information Health Care Ethic
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