Advertisement

Back to the Origins

  • Liliana Albertazzi
Chapter
Part of the Synthese Library book series (SYLI, volume 295)

Abstract

In recent decades European thought has been subjected to at least two forms of negative or restrictive assessment of its tradition, or of a part of it. This criticism has derived largely from a fundamental misunderstanding, and often from ignorance of the sources. The misunderstanding concerns the purely analytic invention of a ‘Continental’ philosophy (usually made to coincide with modern ‘German’ philosophy represented by Kant, idealism, Heidegger and derivations of his thought) which has been accused of an irrationalism and an obscurity, although these charges have not always well argued with regard to individual authors and themes. This invention, which has often displayed markedly ideological features, has counterposed ‘Continental’ philosophy with a prevalently Anglo-American school of thought which, since the specific interpretation given to Frege by Carnap and Russell, has developed a strongly logical-linguistic body of thought in the twentieth century. Dummett’s thesis that analytic thought has a partly ‘Austrian’ origin in not only Frege but also Meinong is no exception, given the interpretation and analytic developments of Meinong’s thought.1

Keywords

Gestalt Psychology Mental Image Logical Investigation Phenomenological Description Disciplinary Area 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Albertazzi, L.: 1995, ‘Il campo figurale della lingua: esprimere, indicare, rappresentare,’ in Negrini, ed., 1995, 9–42.Google Scholar
  2. Albertazzi, L. ed.: 1996a, The Philosophy of Alexius Meinong, special issue of Axiomathes, 7.Google Scholar
  3. Albertazzi, L.: 1996b, ‘Comet Tails, Fleeting Objects and Temporal Inversions,’ in Albertazzi, ed., 1996a, 111–136.Google Scholar
  4. Albertazzi, L.: 1997a, ‘Science and Avant-garde in Early Nineteenth Century Florence,’ in Poli, ed., 1997, 177–212.Google Scholar
  5. Albertazzi, L.: 1997b, ‘The ‘Open Texture’ of Concepts — Kaufmann and the Brentanists,’ in Stadler, ed., 1997, 47–71.Google Scholar
  6. Albertazzi, L. ed.: 1998a, Shapes of Forms: From Phenomenology to Gestalt Psychology to Ontology and Mathematics. Dordrecht, Kluwer.Google Scholar
  7. Albertazzi, L. ed.: 1998b, ‘Form Aesthetics,’ in Albertazzi, ed., 1998a, 1–17.Google Scholar
  8. Albertazzi, L.: 1998c, ‘Form Metaphysics,’ in Albertazzi, ed., 1998a, 257–305.Google Scholar
  9. Albertazzi, L.: 1998d, ‘The Aesthetics of Particulars: A Case of Intuitive Mechanics,’ in Poli and Scaramuzza, eds., 1998, 169–196.Google Scholar
  10. Albertazzi, L.: 1999, Introduzione a Brentano. Bari, Laterza.Google Scholar
  11. Albertazzi, L. ed.: Forthcoming a, Meaning and Cognition: A Multidisciplinary Approach. Amsterdam, Benjamins Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  12. Albertazzi, L.: Forthcoming b, ‘Which Semantics?,’ in Albertazzi, ed., forthcoming a.Google Scholar
  13. Albertazzi, L.: Forthcoming c, ‘Directions and Perspective Points in Spatial Perception,’ in Albertazzi, ed., forthcoming a.Google Scholar
  14. Albertazzi, L.: Forthcoming d, ‘Vittorio Benussi,’ in L. Albertazzi, D. Jacquette and R. Poli, eds.Google Scholar
  15. Albertazzi, L. and Poli, R. eds.: 1993, Brentano in Italia. Milan, Guerini.Google Scholar
  16. Albertazzi, L., Libardi, M. and Poli, R. eds.: 1996. The School of Franz Brentano. Dordrecht, Kluwer.Google Scholar
  17. Albertazzi, L., Jacquette, D. and Poli, R. eds.: Forthcoming, The School of Alexius Meinong. Aldershot, Ashgate.Google Scholar
  18. Anderson, J.R.: 1978, ‘Arguments Concerning Representations for Mental Imagery,’ Psychological Review, 85, 249–277.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Anderson, J.R. and Bower, G.H.: 1973, Human Associative Memory. New York, Winston.Google Scholar
  20. Ash, M.G.: 1995, Gestalt Psychology in German Culture, 1890–1967. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Asch, S.: 1961, ‘Perceptual Conditions of Association,’ in Henle, ed., 1961, 187–200.Google Scholar
  22. Barlow, H., Blackmore, C. and Weston-Smith, M. eds.: 1990, Images Understanding. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  23. Benussi, V.: 1912, ‘Stroboskopische Scheinbewegungen und geometrisch-optische Gestalttäuschungen,’ Archiv für die gesamte Psychologie, 24, 31–62.Google Scholar
  24. Benussi, V.: 1914, Besprechung zu Koffka-Kenkel, “Beiträge zur Psychologie der Gestalt- und Bewegungserlebnisse I,” Archiv für die gesamte Psychologie, 32, 50 – 57.Google Scholar
  25. Benussi, V.: 1913, Psychologie der Zeitauffassung. Heidelberg, Winter.Google Scholar
  26. Bertotti, B. and Curi, U. eds.: 1994, Erwin Schrödinger scienziato e filosofo. Padova, Il Poligrafo.Google Scholar
  27. Biederman, I.: 1985, ‘Human Image Understanding: Recent Research and a Theory,’ Computer vision, graphics and image processing, 32, 29–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Boring, E.G.: 1929 (1950), A History of Experimental Psychology. Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice Hall, 2 ed.Google Scholar
  29. Bradley, F.H.: 1883, Appearance and Reality. London, Swan Sonnenschein.Google Scholar
  30. Brentano, F.: 1907, Untersuchungen zur Sinnespychologie. Leipzig, Duncker & Humblot.Google Scholar
  31. Brunswig, A.: 1910, Das Vergleichen und die Relationserkenntnis. Leipzig and Berlin, Teubner.Google Scholar
  32. Bühler, K.: 1907, ‘Tatsachen und Probleme zu einer Psychologie der Denkvorgänge. I. Über Gedanken,’ Archiv für die gesamte Psychologie, 9, 1907, 297–365.Google Scholar
  33. Chase, W.G., ed.: 1973. Visual Information Processing. New York, Academic Press.Google Scholar
  34. Chomski, N.: 1957, Syntactic Structures. Paris, Mouton-Gravenhage.Google Scholar
  35. Cooper, L.A. and Shepard R.N.: 1973, ‘Chronometric Studies of the Rotation of Mental Images,’ in W.G. Chase, ed., 1973, 76–176.Google Scholar
  36. Coniglione, F., Poli, R. and Wolenski, J. eds.: 1993. Polish Scientific Philosophy: The Lvov-Warsaw School. Amsterdam, Rodopi.Google Scholar
  37. D’Agostino, S.: 1994, ‘Erwin Schrödinger: scienza e Wissenschaft,’ in Bertotti and Curi, eds., 1994, 101–110.Google Scholar
  38. Dappiano, L.: 1995, ‘Cambridge and the Austrian Connection,’ in Poli, ed., 1995, 99–124.Google Scholar
  39. Davis, E.: 1990, Representations of Commonsense Knowledge. San Francisco, Morgan Kaufmann.Google Scholar
  40. Dilthey, W.: 1974 (1894), Ideen über eine beschreibende und zergliedernde Psychologie. In Gesammelte Schriften, ed. by G. Misch, Teubner, Stuttgart, vol. IV, 136–240.Google Scholar
  41. Donald, M.: 1991, Origins of the Modern Mind. Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  42. Dummett, M.: 1988, Urprünge der analytischen Philosophie. Frankfurt a.Main, Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  43. Duncker, K.: 1935, Zur Psychologie des produktiven Denkens. Berlin, Julius Springer. En. tr. 1945 as ‘On problem solving,’ Psychological Monographs, 58, 113 ff.Google Scholar
  44. Ellis, W.D. ed.: 1938, A Source Book of Gestalt Psychology. London, Routledge & Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  45. Ehrenfels, Ch. von.: 1890, ‘Über Gestaltqualitäten,’ Vierteljharschrift für wissenschaftliche Philosophie, 14, 242–292. En. tr. in Smith, ed., 1988, 82–117.Google Scholar
  46. Fechner, G.T.: 1860, Elemente der Psychophysik. Leipzig, Breitkopf & Härtel.Google Scholar
  47. Findlay, J.N.:1952, ‘The Influence of Meinong in Anglo-Saxon Countries,’ in Meinong-Gedenkschrift, Graz, Styria Steirische Verlaganstalt, 9–20.Google Scholar
  48. Findlay, J.N.: 1963, Meinong’s Theory of Objects and Values. Oxford, Clarendon.Google Scholar
  49. Fleming, D. and Bailyn, B. eds.: 1969, The Intellectual Migration. Europe and America, 1930–1960. Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  50. Fodor, J.A.: 1983, Modularity of Mind: An Essay on Faculty Psychology. Cambridge, Mass., MIT Press.Google Scholar
  51. Frijda, N.H. and de Groot, A.D. eds.: 1981. Otto Selz: His Contribution to Psychology. New York, Mouton.Google Scholar
  52. Gardner, H.: 1985, The Mind’s New Science. New York, Basic Books.Google Scholar
  53. Gelb, A.: 1910, Theoretisches über “Gestaltqualitäten”. Berlin University, Doctoral dissertation.Google Scholar
  54. Gibson, J.J.: 1979, The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception. Boston, Houghton-Mifflin.Google Scholar
  55. Gottschadt, K.: 1926/1928, ‘Über den Einfluß der Erfahrung auf die Wahrnehmung von Figuren,’ Psychologische Forschung, 8, 261–317CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Gottschadt, K.: 1926/1928, ‘Über den Einfluß der Erfahrung auf die Wahrnehmung von Figuren,’ Psychologische Forschung, 12, 1–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Grassl, W. and Smith, B.: ‘A Theory of Austria,’ in Niyri, ed., 1986, 11–30.Google Scholar
  58. Katona, G.: 1940, Organizing and Memorizing: Studies in the Psychology of Learning and Teaching. New York, Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  59. Katz, D.: 1906, ‘Experimentelle Beiträge zur Psychologie des Vergleichs im Gebiet des Zeitsinns,’ Zeitschrift für Psychologie und Physiologie der Sinnesorgane, 42, 302–340; 414–450.Google Scholar
  60. Katz, D.: 1911, ‘Die Erscheinungsweisen der Farben und ihre Beeinflussung durch die individuelle Erfahrung,’ Zeitschrift für Psychologie, 7, 236–00. Rev. ed. 1930, Der Aufbau der Farbwelt. Leipzig, Barth. En. part. tr. 1935, London, Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  61. Kijania-Placek, K. and Wolenski, J. eds.: 1996, The Lvov-Warsaw School and Contemporary Philosophy, Part II, special issue of Axiomathes, 7 Google Scholar
  62. Koffka, K.: 1915, “Beiträge zur Psychologie der Gestalt und Grundlegung der Wahrnehmungspsychologie. Eine Auseinandersetzung mit V. Benussi,” Zeitschrift für Psychologie, 73, 11–90. En. tr. in Ellis, ed., 1938, 371–378.Google Scholar
  63. Koffka, K. and Kenkel, F.: 1913, “Beiträge zur Psychologie der Gestalt- und Bewegungserlebnisse I. Untersuchungen über den Zusammenhang zwischen Erscheinungsgrösse und Erscheinungsbewegung bei einigen sogennanten optische Täuschungen,” Zeitschrift für Psychologie, 67, 353–449.Google Scholar
  64. Köhler, W.: 1915, ‘Nachweis einfacher Strukturfunkionen beim Schimpansen und beim Haushuhn. Über eine neue Methode zur Untersuchung des bunten Farbensystems,’ Abhandlungen der Königlich Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Phys.-Math. Klasse, 2, 1–101.Google Scholar
  65. Köhler, W.: 1920, Die physische Gestalten in Ruhe und im stationären Zustand. Braunschweig, Vieweg. En. part. tr. in Ellis, ed., 1938, 17–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Köhler, W.: 1969, The Task of Gestalt Psychology. Princeton NJ, Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  67. Kosslyn, S.M.: 1980, Image and Mind. Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  68. Kosslyn, S.M.: 1994, Image and Brain. Cambridge, Mass., MIT Press.Google Scholar
  69. Kosslyn, S.M. and Pomerantz, J.R.: 1977, ‘Imagery, Propositions, and the Form of Internal Representations,’ Cognitive Psychology, 9, 52–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Krueger, F.: 1926, ‘Über psychische Ganzheit,’ Neue Psychologische Studien, 1, München, Beck, 1–121.Google Scholar
  71. Kusch, M.: 1955, Psychologism. A Case Study in the Sociology of Philosophical Knowledge. London, Routledge.Google Scholar
  72. Jackendoff, R.: 1992, Languages of the Mind: Essays on Mental Representation. Cambridge, Mass., MIT Press.Google Scholar
  73. James, W.: 1890, Principles of Psychology. Boston, Holt & Co. Repr. 1950, New York, Dover Publications.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Johnson-Laird, P.N.: 1983, Mental Models. Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  75. Haller, R.: 1979, Studien zur österreichische Philosophic Amsterdam, Rodopi.Google Scholar
  76. Heidelberger, M.: 1994, ‘The Unity of Nature and Mind: Gustav Theodor Fechner’s non Reductive Materialism,’ in Poggi and Bossi, eds., 1994, 215–236.Google Scholar
  77. Henle, M. ed.: 1961, Documents of Gestalt Psychology. University of California Press, Berkeley.Google Scholar
  78. Hering, E.: 1905, Outlines of a Theory of Light Sense, En. tr. by L.M. Hurwich and D. Jameson, Cambridge, Mass., Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  79. Hicks, G.D.: 1904/5, ‘Idealism and the Problem of Knowledge and Existence,’ Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 5, 136–178.Google Scholar
  80. Höfler, A.: 1910, ‘Gestalt und Beziehung — Gestalt und Anschauung,’ Zeitschrift für Psychologie, 60, 161–228.Google Scholar
  81. Husserl, E.: 1900–1, Logische Untersuchungen. Halle: Niemeyer. Repr. 1975. Vol. I ed. by E. Holenstein, Husserliana XVII, Den Haag, Nijhoff 1975. Repr. 1984. Vols. I and II ed. by U. Panzer, Husserliana XIX , ivi, 1, 2. En. tr. 1970, Logical Investigations, ed. by J.N. Findlay, London, Routledge & Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  82. Lakoff, G.: 1987, Women, Fire and Dangerous Things. Chicago, University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Lambert, K.: 1983, Meinong and the Principle of Independence: Its place in Meinong’s Theory of Objects and its Significance in Contemporary Philosophical Logic. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  84. Langacker, R.: 1987, Foundations of Cognitive Grammar. Theoretical Prerequisites. I. Stanford, Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  85. Lipps, T.: 1897, Raumaesthetik und geometrisch-optische Täuschungen. Leipzig, Barth.Google Scholar
  86. Mach, E.: 1866, ‘Über den physiologischen Effect räumlich vertheilter Lichtreize,’ Part II, Sitzungsbericht der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe, 54, 131–144.Google Scholar
  87. Mandler, G.: 1964, Thinking: From Association to Gestalt. New York, John Wiley. Repr. 1982, New York, Greenwood Press.Google Scholar
  88. Mandler, J. and Mandler, G.: 1969, ‘The Diaspora of Experimental Psychology,’ in Fleming and Bailyn, eds., 1969, 371–419.Google Scholar
  89. Marr, D.: 1982, Vision: A Computational Investigation into the Human Representation and Processing of Visual Information. New York, Freeman.Google Scholar
  90. Maturana, H. and Varela, F.J.: 1987, The Tree of Knowledge: The Biological Roots of Human Understanding. Boston, New Science Library.Google Scholar
  91. Meinong, A.: 1896, ‘Über die Bedeutung des Weber’schen Gesetzes. Beiträge zur Psychologie des Messens,’ Zeitschrift für Psychologie und Physiologie der Sinnesorgane, 11, 81–133, 230–285, 353–404. Repr. in Meinong 1971, 215–480.Google Scholar
  92. Meinong, A. ed.: 1904, Untersuchugen zur Gegenstandstheorie und Psychologie. Leipzig, Barth 1904.Google Scholar
  93. Meinong, A.: 1971, Abhandlungen zur Erkenntnistheorie und Gegenstandstheorie, ed. by R. Haller, Graz, Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt.Google Scholar
  94. Metzger, W.: 1986, Gestaltpsychologie, ed. by M. Stadler and H. Crabus, Frankfurt a.Main, Verlag Waldemar Kramer.Google Scholar
  95. Moore, G.E.: 1903, ‘Refutation of Idealism,’ Mind, 12, 433–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Montague R.: 1974, Formal Philosophy: Selected Papers of Richard Montague, ed by R. Thomason, New Haven, Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  97. Murray, D.J.: 1995, Gestalt Psychology and the Cognitive Revolution. New York, Harvester and Wheatsheaf.Google Scholar
  98. Musatti, C.L.: 1926, Analisi del concetto di realtà empirica, Città di Castello, Il Solco. Repr. 1964, as Condizioni dell’esperienza e fondazione della psicologia. Florence, Editrice Universitaria.Google Scholar
  99. Negrini, G., ed.: 1995, Categorie, oggetti e strutture delia conoscenza, Proceedings of the CNR seminar organised in Rome 1–2 December 1994, Rome.Google Scholar
  100. Newell, A., Shaw, J.C and Simon, H.A.: 1958, ‘Elements of a Theory of Human Problem Solving,’ Psychological review, 65, 151–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Neisser, U.: 1976, Cognition and Reality. San Francisco, Freeman.Google Scholar
  102. Nyiri, J.C. ed.: 1986, Von Bolzano zu Wittgenstein. Zur Tradition der österreichische Philosophie. Wien, Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky.Google Scholar
  103. Paivio, A.: 1971, Imagery and Verbal Processes. New York, Holt, Rinehart & Winston.Google Scholar
  104. Petitot, J.: 1985, Morphogenèse du sens. Paris, PUF.Google Scholar
  105. Poggi, S. and Bossi, M. eds.: 1994, Romanticism in Science. Dordrecht, Kluwer.Google Scholar
  106. Poli, R. ed.: 1995, In Itinere. European Cities and the Birth of Modern Scientific Philosophy. Amsterdam, Rodopi.Google Scholar
  107. Poli, R. ed.: 1998, The Brentano Puzzle. Aldershot, Ashgate.Google Scholar
  108. Poli, R. and Scaramuzza, G., eds.: 1998, Phenomenological Aesthetics, special issue of Axiomathes, 9.Google Scholar
  109. Pomerantz, J.R.: 1983, ‘Global and Local Precedence: Selective Attention in Form and Motion Perception,’ Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 112, 516–540.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Pylyshyn, Z.: 1973, “What’s the Mind’s Eye Tells the Mind’s Brain: A Critique of Mental Imagery,” Psychological Bulletin, 80, 1–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Robinson, D.: 1976, An Intellectual History of Psychology. New York, McMillan.Google Scholar
  112. Routley, R.: 1980, Exploring Meinong’s Jungle and Beyond. Canberra, Australian National University.Google Scholar
  113. Rubin, E.: 1921, Visuell wahrgenommene Figuren. Studien in psychologischer Analyse. Copenhagen, Gyldenalske.Google Scholar
  114. Russell, B. A.W.: 1906, ‘The Nature of Truth,’ Mind, 15, 528–533.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Santayana, G.: 1971, Lotze’s System of Philosophy. Bloomington-Indiana, Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
  116. Schrödinger, E.: 1956, Mind and Matter. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  117. Schulz, D.: 1981, A History of Modern Psychology. New York, Academic Press, 3 ed.Google Scholar
  118. Shepard, R.N. and Cooper, L.A.: 1982, Mental Images and their Transformations. Cambridge, Mass., MIT Press.Google Scholar
  119. Simon, H.A.: 1981, ‘Otto Selz and Information-Processing Psychology,’ in Frijda and de Groot, eds., 1981, 147–63.Google Scholar
  120. Smith, B. ed.: 1988, Foundations of Gestalt Theory. Munich, Philosophia.Google Scholar
  121. Smith, B. 1994. Austrian Philosophy. The Legacy of Franz Brentano. Chicago and La Salle, Open Court.Google Scholar
  122. Stadler, F. ed.: 1997, Phänomenologie und logischer Empirismus. Wien, Springer.Google Scholar
  123. Stout, G.F.: 1896, Analytic Psychology. London, Swan, Sonnenschein.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. Talmy, L.: 1988, ‘Force Dynamics in Language and Thought,’ Cognitive science, 12, 49–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Thinès, G.: 1977, Phenomenology and the Science of Behaviour. An Historical and Epistemological Approach. London, Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar
  126. Thorn, R.: 1972, Stabilité structurelle et morphogénèse. Essai d’une théorie générale des modèles. Paris, InterEditions.Google Scholar
  127. Tichener, E.B.: 1910, A Text Book of Psychology. New York, Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. Turvey, M.T., Shaw, R.E., Reed, E.S. and Mace, W.M.: 1981, ‘Ecological Laws of Perceiving and Acting: In Reply to Fodor and Pylyshyn,’ Cognition, 9, 237–304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. Twardowski, K.: 1894, Zur Lehre vom Inhalt und Gegenstand der Vorstellungen: Eine psychologische Untersuchung. Wien, Hölder. Repr. 1982, München, Philosophia. En. tr. 1977 On Content and Object of Presentations, by R. Grossman, The Hague, Nijhoff.Google Scholar
  130. van der Schaar, M.: 1996, ‘From Analytic Psychology to Analytic Philosophy: The Reception of Twardowski’s Ideas in Cambridge,’ in Kijania-Placek and Wolenski, eds., 1996, 295–350.Google Scholar
  131. Ullmann, S.: 1984, ‘Visual Routines,’ Cognition, 18, 97–159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. Varela, F.J.: 1989, Connaitre: Les sciences cognitives, tendances et perspectives. Paris, Editions du Seuil.Google Scholar
  133. Varela, F. J., Thompson, E. and Rosch, E.: 1991, The Embodied Mind. Cambridge, Mass., MIT Press.Google Scholar
  134. Wertheimer, M.: 1912, ‘Experimentelle Studien über das Sehen von Bewegung,’ Zeitschrift für Psychologie, 61, 161–265.Google Scholar
  135. Wertheimer, M.: 1934, ‘On Truth,’ Social Research, 1, 135–46. Repr. in Henle, ed., 1961, 19–28.Google Scholar
  136. Wertheimer, M.: 1920, Über Schlussprozesse im produktiven Denken. Berlin, Weltkreisverlag. Repr. 1925, in Drei Abhandlungen zur Gestalttheorie, Erlangen, Verlag der philosophischen Akademie. En. tr. in Ellis, ed., 1938, 274–82.Google Scholar
  137. Wever, E.G.: 1927a, ‘Figure and Ground in the Visual Perception of Form,’ American Journal of Psychology, 38, 194–226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. Wever, E.G.: 1927b, ‘Attention and Clearness in the Perception of Figure and Ground,’ American Journal of Psychology, 40, 51–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. Windelband, W.: 1909, Die Philosophie in Deutschen Geistesleben des XIX. Jahrhunderts. Fünf Vorlesungen. Tübingen, J.C.B. Mohr.Google Scholar
  140. Witasek, S.: 1910, Psychologie des Raumwahrhnemung des Auges. Heidelberg, Winter.Google Scholar
  141. Wundt, W.: 1896, Grundiß der Psychologie. Leipzig, Engelmann. En. tr. 1902, New York, Stechert.Google Scholar
  142. Zagajewski, A.: 1986, Solidarnosc i samotnosc (Solidarity and Solitude). Paris, Instytut Literacki.Google Scholar
  143. Zalta, E.: 1983, Abstract Objects: An Introduction to Axiomatic Metaphysics. Dordrecht, Reidel.Google Scholar
  144. Zeglen, U. ed.: 1994, Philosophy of Mind in the Lvov-Warsaw School, special issue of Axiomathes, 6.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Liliana Albertazzi

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations