Historical Perspectives

Part of the Library of Public Policy and Public Administration book series (LPPP, volume 1)


The U.S., the U.K., and Japan each have unique conditions under which the institutions that support their science and technology efforts developed. This chapter explores these.


Government Spending Technology Policy Liberal Education Defense Advance Research Project Agency Funded Share 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Batteile Memorial Institute. “Probable Levels of R&D Expenditures in 1987: Forecast and Analysis.” December 1986.Google Scholar
  2. Bruce, Robert V. The Launching of Modern American Science: 1846– 1876. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1987.Google Scholar
  3. Briggs, Asa. The Story of theLeverhulme Trust. London: Leverhulme Trust, 1991.Google Scholar
  4. Bush, Vannevar. Science: The Endless Frontier. A Report to the President on a Program for Postwar Scientific Research. Washington, D.C.: National Science Foundation, July 1945.Google Scholar
  5. Commission on the History of Science and Technology Policy. Historical Review of Japanese Science and Technology Policy. Tokyo: National Institute of Science and Technology Policy, Science and Technology Agency, 1991.Google Scholar
  6. Daniels, George H. Science in American Society: A Social History. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1971.Google Scholar
  7. Daniels, George H. American Science in the Age of Jackson. New York and London: Columbia University Press, 1968.Google Scholar
  8. Dupre, J. Stefan and Sanford A. Lakoff. Science and the Nation: Policy and Politics. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1962.Google Scholar
  9. Dupree, A. Hunter. Science in the Federal Government: A History of Politics and Activities to 1940. Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1957.Google Scholar
  10. Foreign Press Center. Facts and Figures of Japan. Tokyo: Foreign Press Center, 1987.Google Scholar
  11. Fusfeld, Herbert I. The Technical Enterprise: Present and Future Patterns. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger Publishing Company, 1936.Google Scholar
  12. Greenberg, Daniel S. The Politics of Pure Science: An Inquiry Into the Relationship Between Science and Government in the United States. New York and Toronto: Plume Books, 1967.Google Scholar
  13. Ishikawa, Matsutaro. Clan and Temple Schools. Reishi Shinsho. New History Series, Tokyo: Kyoikusha, Ltd., 1990.Google Scholar
  14. Japan Society for Scientific Inquiry. The Outline of Japanese History in Science and Technology. Tokyo: Shuppan Publishing, Ltd., 1991.Google Scholar
  15. Kahn, H. The Emerging Japanese Superstate. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1970.Google Scholar
  16. Mason, G. The New Graduate Supply Shock. Recruitment and Utilisation of Graduates in British Industry. London: NIESR, 1995.Google Scholar
  17. Ministry for International Trade and Industry. MITI Handbook. Tokyo: Japan Trade and Industry Publicity, 1988.Google Scholar
  18. National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges. The Land Grant Tradition. NASULGC.: Washington, D.C., March 1995.Google Scholar
  19. National Research Council, the Committee on the Future of the Colleges of Agriculture in the Land Grant University System. Colleges of Agriculture at the Land Grant Universities: Public Service and Public Policy. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1996.Google Scholar
  20. National Resources Committee. Research — A National Resource. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1938.Google Scholar
  21. National Science Board. Science and Engineering Indicators. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1998.Google Scholar
  22. National Science Foundation. National Patterns of R&D Resources 1996. Washington, D.C.: National Science Foundation, 1996.Google Scholar
  23. Oishi, Shinzaburo. The Edo Period. Tokyo: Chuo Shinsho Series.Google Scholar
  24. Pattison, G. Review of the Situation in Essays on the Endowment of Research. London, 1876.Google Scholar
  25. Reich, Leonard S. The Making of American Industrial Research: Science and Business at GE and Bell, 1876– 1926. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1985.Google Scholar
  26. Riken Committee. The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research. Tokyo: Riken Goju-nen, 1986.Google Scholar
  27. Sanderson, M (ed). The Universities in the Nineteenth Century. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1975.Google Scholar
  28. Shrader, W. Fifty Years of Flight: A Chronicle of the Aviation Industry in America. Cleveland: Eaton Publishing, 1953.Google Scholar
  29. Topping, J. The Beginnings of Brunei University. Oxford University Press, 1981.Google Scholar
  30. Venables, Sir Peter. Higher Education Developments: The Technological Universities 1956– 76. London: Faber, 1978.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cleveland State UniversityClevelandUSA
  2. 2.National Institute of Economic and Social ResearchLondonUK
  3. 3.Georgia Institute of TechnologyAtlantaUSA

Personalised recommendations