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Nature Conservation Policy: Transboundary Arrangements

  • Diana de Jong
Chapter
Part of the Environment & Policy book series (ENPO, volume 24)

Abstract

Nature conservation policy in Europe has clearly changed and developed in the last few decades. Policy arrangements evolve both on the European level and within the member states of the European Union. The Fifth Environmental Action Programme (1992, the most recent) incorporates insights from new scientific, social and political discourses. A clear expression of this process can be found in the discourse on ‘ecological networks’. The central policy goal in this discourse is the realisation of a coherent European network of protected areas, entitled ‘Natura 2000’. Developed from scientific concepts such as island theory and metapopulation dynamics, ecological networks aim to provide the physical conditions that are necessary for species populations to survive in a landscape that to a greater or lesser extent is also exploited for economic activities. In post-modern discourse on the decline of nature, the reduction in area of many natural and semi-natural habitats and the fragmentation of large habitats into small ‘islands’ that become isolated from each other are held to be the main causes of this decline (Bennett and Wolters, 1996). The concept of ecological networks applies to the European and the national as well as the regional level. Political actors at different levels develop policy measures with the intention of connecting scattered nature areas.

Keywords

Nature Development Policy Process Ecological Network Outdoor Recreation Policy Arrangement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2000

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  • Diana de Jong

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