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Meaning of Life and Meaning of Care

A Jewish Perspective
Chapter
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Abstract

Judaism is a religious system, and thus approaches questions about the meaning of life for people with mental retardation from a religious perspective. Even in the oldest sources (Mishna, Oral Studies, 200 CE; Talmud, about 500 CE), people with mental retardation were relieved from all accountability in a civil judicial sense, and, in a religious sense, exempted from having to follow the religious commandments and prohibitions of the Torah (Bible).

Keywords

Mental Retardation Sign Language Handicapped Person Mental Handicap Blind Person 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    B.T. Megilla 19b.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    B.T. Kiddushin 29a.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    The Bible, Deuteronomy 11:19.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kiddushin nr. 27.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Shuchan Aruch Joré Dé’a 145:4.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    B.T. Bava Batra 21a.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    B.T. Bava Batra 21a.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    See the Jewish Codex Shuchan Aruch Choshen Mishpat 163:3.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    For some reading concerning Halachah, cf. T. Marx, Halachah and Handicap: Jewish Law and Ethics on Disability. Jerusalem/ Amsterdam: 1992–3.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. Hes and S. Wollstein, “The Attitude of the Ancient Jewish Sources to Mental Patients.” Israel Annals of Psychiatry and Related Disciplines, vol. 2 (1964), pp. 103–16.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    B.T. Bava Kama 78a.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Mystic studies, 2:16.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Deuteronomy 8:3.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    B.T. Bava Kama 87a.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Rosh Hashana 3:8.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    B.T. Jewamot 112b.Google Scholar

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2000

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