Advertisement

Introduction: A ‘soft-rock’ petroleum-type approach to exploration for ‘hard-rock’ minerals in sedimentary basins

  • D. Taylor
Chapter

Abstract

Several major groups of ore deposits are found as tabular, stratiform bodies or as crosscutting but essentially stratabound deposits within sedimentary basins. Important examples are oxide and carbonate ores of iron and manganese, copper and zinc—lead sulphides and gold—uranium deposits. Where the host basins have been strongly inverted and deeply eroded and the mineralized horizons brought to outcrop, the laterally extensive nature of the mineralization usually results in outcrop or subcrop of the ore itself. Direct detection by geological or geochemical prospecting is then possible.

Keywords

Source Rock Sedimentary Basin Trap Site Salt Dome Hydrocarbon Phase 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Beales F.W. and Jackson S.A. (1966) Precipitation of lead-zinc ores in carbonate reservoirs as illustrated by the Pine Point ore field Canada Trans IMM. 75B: 278–285Google Scholar
  2. Beales F.W. and Jackson S.A. (1967) Precipitation of lead-zinc ores in carbonate reservoirs as illustrated by the Pine Point ore field Canada, Discussion. Trans IMM. 76B: 130–136, 175–176.Google Scholar
  3. Bernard A.J. and Samama J.C. (1970) A propos du gisement de Largentiere (Ardeche). Essai methodologique sur la prospection des `Red-Beds’ plombo-zinciferes. Science Terre. 15: 207–264.Google Scholar
  4. Brongersma-Sanders M. (1966) Metals of Kupferschiefer supplied by normal sea water. Geol. Rundsch. 55: 365–375.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brongersma-Sanders M. (1968) On the geographical association of strata-bound ore deposits with evaporites. Mineral Deposita. 3: 286–291.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Callahan W.H. (1977) The history of the discovery of the zinc deposit at Elmwood, Tennessee: concept and consequence. SEG distinguished lecture in applied geology. Econ. Geol. 72: 1382–1392.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Connan J. (1979) Genetic relation between oil and ore in some Pb-Zn-Ba ore deposits. Spec. Publ. Geol. Soc. S. Afr. 5: 263–274.Google Scholar
  8. Davis J.B. and Kirkland D.W. (1970) Native sulphur deposition in the Castile Formation, Culberson County, Texas. Econ. Geol. 65: 107–121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dunham K C (1970) Mineralization by deep formation waters: a review. Trans. Inst. Min. Metal. 79B: 127–136.Google Scholar
  10. Dunham K.C. (1964) Neptunist concepts in ore genesis. Econ. Geol. 59: 1–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gaylord W.B. and Briskey J.A. (1983) Geology of the Elmwood and Gordonsville Mines, Central Tennessee Zinc district. Virginia Tech Department of Geological Sciences. Guide Book No 9.Google Scholar
  12. Giordano T.H. and Barnes H.L. (1981) Lead transport in Mississippi Valley-type ore solutions. Econ. Geol. 76: 2200–2211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kharaka Y.K., Maest A.E., Carothers W.W., Law L.M., Lamothe P.J. and Fries T.L. (1987) Geochemistry of metal-rich brines from central Mississippi Salt Dome basin, U.S.A. Appl. Geochem. 2: 543–561.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. King H.F. (1989) The Rocks Speak. Australian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy. Monograph 15.Google Scholar
  15. King H.F. and Thomson B.P. (1953) Environment of orebodies in relation to search fore ore deposits. Proceedings, Vol VII Fifth Empire Mining and Metallurgical Congress. 151–155.Google Scholar
  16. Kucha H. (1985) Feldspar, clay, organic and carbonate receptors of heavy metals in Zechstein deposits (Kupferschiefer-type) Poland. Trans. Inst. Min. Metal. 94B: 133–146.Google Scholar
  17. Kucha H. and Pawlikowski M. (1986): Two brine model of the genesis of strata-bound. Zechstein deposits (Kupferschiefer-type), Poland. Mineral. Deposita. 21: 70–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kucha H. and Piestrzynski A. (1995) Excursion guide: Polish Kupferschiefer Deposits Soc. Econ. Geol. 1–23.Google Scholar
  19. Lebedev L.M. (1970) Modern growth of sphalerite in Cheleken peninsula. Int. Geol. Rev. 959–965.Google Scholar
  20. Lebedev L.M. (1972) Minerals of contemporary hydrotherms of Cheleken. Geochem. Inte. 9: 485–504.Google Scholar
  21. Light M.P.R., Posey H.H., Kyle J.R. and Price P.E. (1989) Integrated hydrothermal model for the Texas Gulf Coast basin: origin of geopressured brines and lead-zinc, barium, uranium, hydrocarbon and cap-rock deposits. In: Salt Dome Development (I. Kerch and J. O’Brien, eds).Google Scholar
  22. Matthias B.V. and Clarke G.J. (1975) Mount Isa copper and silver-lead-zinc orebodies — Isa and Hilton mines. In: Economic geology of Australia and Papua New Guinea Vol. 1. C.L. Knight (ed). Australian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy Mem 5: 351–372.Google Scholar
  23. McKibben M.A. and Elders W.A. (1985) Fe-Zn-Cu-Pb mineralization in the Salton Sea geothermal system, Imperial Vallye, California. Econ. Geol. 80: 539–559.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Mekhtiyeva V.L. and Brizanova L.Ya. (1980) Abiogenic reduction of sulphates in the Earth’s crust. Int. Geol. Rev. 24: 439–444.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Mendelsohn F. (ed) (1961) The Geology of the Northern Rhodesian Copperbelt. Macdonald, London.Google Scholar
  26. Orr W.L. (1986) Kerogen/asphaltene/sulphur relationship in sulphur-rich Monterey oils. Org. Geochem. 10: 499–516.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Orr W.L. and Damste J.S.S. (1990) Geochemistry of sulphur in petroleum systems. A.C.S. Symp. Ser. 429: 1–29.Google Scholar
  28. Pavlov D.I., Gorzhevskiy D.I., Goleva G.A., Kalinko M.K., Kartsev A.A., and Lipayeva A.V. (1991) Conjunction of ore and oil forming systems in sedimentary basins and the prediction of ore deposits. Inte. Geol. Review. 33; 8: 822–829.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Perkins W.G. (1984) Mount Isa silica dolomite and copper orebodies: the result of a syntectonic hydrothermal alteration system. Econ. Geol. 79: 601–637.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Pratt W.E. (1952) Toward a philosophy of oil finding. Bull. MPG 36: 2231–2236.Google Scholar
  31. Price P.E. and Kyle J.R. (1986) Genesis of salt dome hosted metallic sulphide deposits: the role of hydrocarbons and related fluids. In: Proceedings of the symposium on organics and ore deposits: Denver Region Exploration Geologists Society (W.E. Dean, Ed ). 171–184.Google Scholar
  32. Ripley E.M., Shaffer N.R. and Gilstrap M.S. (1990) Distribution and geochemical characteristics of metal enrichment in the New Albany Shale (Devonian—Mississippian), Indiana, Econ. Geol. 85: 1790–1807.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Skinner B.J. (1967) Precipitation of Mississippi Valley ores: a possible mechanism. Econ. Geol. Monogr. 3: 363–369.Google Scholar
  34. Stanton R.L. (1966) Composition of stratiform ores as evidence of depositional process. Trans. Inst. Min. Metall. 75B: 75–84.Google Scholar
  35. Worden R.H., Smalley P.C. and Oxenby N.H. (1995) Gas souring by thermochemical sulphate reduction at 140°C. MPG Bull. V. 79: 854–863.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Taylor

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations