Solidarity pp 81-97 | Cite as

Fraternity and Justice

  • Véronique Munoz-Dardé
Part of the Philosophical Studies in Contemporary Culture book series (PSCC, volume 5)


“In comparison with liberty and equality, the idea of fraternity has had a lesser place in democratic theory. It is thought to be less specifically a political concept, not in itself defining any of the democratic rights ... “(Rawls, 1971, p. 105). This observation, formulated by John Rawls in his A Theory of Justice, will occur to anyone who examines the Republican triad: political philosophy is very much concerned with liberty and equality, but considerably less so with fraternity.1 Always somewhat eclipsed by the other two values, fraternity has undergone neither the formal treatment initially generated by Berlin’s distinction between “positive” and “negative” liberty, nor the analytical effort to define the term similar to Williams’, Nagel’s, or Dworkin’s approach to equality.


Difference Principle Political Community French Revolution Political Legitimacy Political Concept 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Antoine, G.: 1981, Liberté, égalité, fraternité, ou les fluctuations d’une deviseGoogle Scholar
  2. Unesco, Paris. Baier, A.: 1994, Moral Prejudices, Harvard University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  3. Clawson, M. A.: 1989, Constructing Brotherhood. Class, Gender and Fraternalism, Princeton University Press, Princeton NJ.Google Scholar
  4. Crick, B.: 1987: Socialism, Open University Press, Milton Keynes.Google Scholar
  5. David, M.: 1987, Fraternité et Révolution française, Aubier, Paris.Google Scholar
  6. David, M.: 1992, Le printemps de la fraternité. Genese et vicissitudes 1830–1851, Aubier, Paris.Google Scholar
  7. Dworkin, R.: 1985, A Matter of Principle, Harvard University Press, Cambridge Mass.Google Scholar
  8. Dworkin, R.: 1986, Law’s Empire, Fontana, London.Google Scholar
  9. Dworkin, R.: 1991, ‘Foundations of liberal equality’, in Tanner Lectures on Human Values, University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City.Google Scholar
  10. Fouillée, A.: 1880, ‘La fraternité et la justice reparative’, Revue des Deux-Mondes (March 15 ).Google Scholar
  11. Frankfurt, H.: 1987, ‘Equality as a moral ideal’, Ethics 98.Google Scholar
  12. Gallie, W. B.: 1955/56, ‘Essentially contested concepts’, in Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, vol. 56, pp. 167–199.Google Scholar
  13. Höffe, 0.: 1988, ‘Dans quelle mesure la théorie de John Rawls est-elle kantienne?’, in Individu et justice sociale. Autour de John Rawls, Seuil, Paris.Google Scholar
  14. Ignatieff, M.: 1984, The Needs of Strangers, Chatto and Windus, London.Google Scholar
  15. Kant, I.: 1996, ‘Philosophy of right’, in M. J. Gregor (ed., trans.), Metaphysics of Morals, Cambridge University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  16. Kymlicka, W.: 1989, Liberalism: Community and Culture, Oxford University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  17. La Boétie, E. de: 1978, Le discours de la servitude volontaire, Payot, Paris.Google Scholar
  18. Laponce, J. A.: 1981, Left and right. The topography of political perceptions, University of Toronto Press, Toronto and Oxford.Google Scholar
  19. Locke, J.: 1993, Two Treatises of Government, M. Goldie (ed.), Everyman, London. Martinelli, A.: 1989, ‘I principi della Rivoluzione Francese e la società moderna’, in A.Google Scholar
  20. Martinelli, M. Salvati and S. Veca (eds.), Progetto 89. Tre saggi su libertà, egua-Google Scholar
  21. glianza,fraternità, Il Saggiatore, MilanGoogle Scholar
  22. Morris, J. R.: 1973, ‘Liberté, égalité, fraternité: Sources and development of a slogan’, in Klasse en ideologie in de vrijmetselarij. Tijdschrift voor de studie van de verlichting.Google Scholar
  23. Mulhall, St., and Swift, A.: 1992, Liberals and Communitarians, Blackwell, Oxford.Google Scholar
  24. Munoz-Dardé, V.: 1999, La fraternité un concept de justice politique?, Presses Universitaires de France, Paris.Google Scholar
  25. Nagel, T.: 1979, Mortal Questions, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  26. Ozouf, M.: 1988, M.: 1988, ‘Fraternité’, in: Dictionnaire critique de la Révolution française, Flammarion, Paris, pp. 731–741.Google Scholar
  27. Ozouf, M.: 1992, ‘Liberté, égalité, fraternité’, in P. Nora (ed.), Les lieux de la mémoire, Gallimard, Paris.Google Scholar
  28. Phillips, A.: 1984, ‘Fraternity’, in Pimlott (ed.), Fabian Essays in Socialist Thought, Heineman, London.Google Scholar
  29. Rawls, J.: 1971: A Theory of Justice, Harvard University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  30. Rawls, J.: 1993, Political Liberalism, Columbia University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  31. Revel, J.: 1987, ‘Les corps et les communautés’, in M. Baker (ed.), The Political Culture of the Old Regime, Pergamon Press, New York.Google Scholar
  32. Ricœur, P., 1975: La métaphore vive, Seuil, Paris.Google Scholar
  33. Sandel, M: 1982, Liberalism and the Limits of Justice, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  34. Schieder, W.: 1972, ‘Brüderlichkeit, Bruderschaft, Brüderschaft, Verbrüderung, Bruderliebe’, in O. Brunner, W. Conze, and R. Koselleck (eds.), Geschichtliche Grundbegriffe. Historisches Lexikon zur politisch-sozialen Sprache in Deutschland, vol. 1, Klett, Stuttgart, pp. 552–581.Google Scholar
  35. Sewell, W. H., Jr: 1980, Work and Revolution in France. The Language of Labor from the Old Regime to 1848, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Sonenscher, M.: 1983, ‘The sans-culottes of the year II: Rethinking the language of labor in revolutionary France’, Social History 3, 320–328.Google Scholar
  37. Stephen, J. F.: 1975, Liberty, Equality, Fraternity, Hold and Williams, London and New York.Google Scholar
  38. Vacherot: 1860, La démocratie, F. Chamenot, Paris.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Véronique Munoz-Dardé
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyUniversity of College LondonLondonUK

Personalised recommendations