Solving Upstream-Downstream Problems

  • Sander V. Meijerink
Part of the Environment & Policy book series (ENPO, volume 17)


The aim of this chapter is to answer research question seven, and to indicate strategies that can be used to contribute to the solution of upstream-downstream problems in international river basins.


European Union Negotiation Process River Basin Management Interaction Position Intercultural Communication 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. 2.
    See also the conclusions concerning the effectiveness of international river commissions presented in Section 8.4.1.Google Scholar
  2. 6.
    This recommendation relates to the fundamental dilemma of environmental policy, which was also mentioned shortly in Chapter 1 of this thesis. The dilemma is that on the one hand economic growth enables actors to invest in environmental policies, but on the other hand economic growth often causes additional environmental pollution or degradation.Google Scholar
  3. 7.
    This support, however, may be perceived as contradicting with the internationally accepted polluter pays principle.Google Scholar
  4. 8.
    Below, the strategies of problem solving that may be used by the European Union are discussed.Google Scholar
  5. 16.
    Commission proposal for a council directive establishing a framework for community action in the field of water policy, and several amendments made afterwards. 26.02.1997.Google Scholar
  6. 17.
    For information on types of intermediaries and the strategies they may use, see for example Wessel (1988), Dieperink (1997), and Wolf (1997).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sander V. Meijerink
    • 1
  1. 1.Delft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands

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