Case Study

Why Environmental Discrimination Caused Violence on the »Mille Collines«
  • Günther Baechler
Part of the Social Indicators Research Series book series (SINS, volume 2)


The 1996 humanitarian disaster occurring in numerous Rwandan refugee camps on Zaïre’s territory made commentators forget about the deep roots of the internal conflict on the »mille collines« of Rwanda. But the behavior of the international actors also indicates that the reasons for violence, massacres, and genocide have always been ill-understood and ever more so. When we go back to the starting point of the present refugee crisis — 6 April 1994 — we get to some ready-made explanations for escalation of the conflict in Rwanda. At that time the presidential plane was hit by a rocket and crashed on its approach to Kigali, killing the presidents of both Rwanda and Burundi. There were reports about tribal feuds between Bahutu and Batutsi, bloody chaos, and a Hobbesian battle of all against all.


Security Council Natural Capital Great Lake Region Colonial Power Colonial Administration 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Günther Baechler
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Conflict ResolutionSwiss Peace FoundationBerneSwitzerland

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