The 1996 humanitarian disaster occurring in numerous Rwandan refugee camps on Zaïre’s territory made commentators forget about the deep roots of the internal conflict on the »mille collines« of Rwanda. But the behavior of the international actors also indicates that the reasons for violence, massacres, and genocide have always been ill-understood and ever more so. When we go back to the starting point of the present refugee crisis — 6 April 1994 — we get to some ready-made explanations for escalation of the conflict in Rwanda. At that time the presidential plane was hit by a rocket and crashed on its approach to Kigali, killing the presidents of both Rwanda and Burundi. There were reports about tribal feuds between Bahutu and Batutsi, bloody chaos, and a Hobbesian battle of all against all.
KeywordsSecurity Council Natural Capital Great Lake Region Colonial Power Colonial Administration
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