State of the Art
  • Günther Baechler
Part of the Social Indicators Research Series book series (SINS, volume 2)


A basic assumption made in this study is that environmental degradation under certain conditions may cause violent conflict or war. Indeed, recent years have seen an ever growing discussion about »ecoconflicts« or green wars caused by the global environmental crisis. While environmentalists among peace and conflict researchers argue that ecoconflicts will be the very wars of the foreseeable future, the traditionalists refuse to accept that this phenomenon really does exist. Others argue that throughout human history there have always been conflicts over natural resources, thus »ecoconflicts« are hardly a brand-new type of conflict on the threshold of the 21st century. As a matter of fact, resource conflicts are not at all specific events of the modern world (see: 1.1.). And »green wars« do not exist, as there seldom have been wars with one single cause. In most cases wars have a complex and multilayered background.


Causal Linkage Environmental Degradation Muslim Community Environmental Security Violent Conflict 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Günther Baechler
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Conflict ResolutionSwiss Peace FoundationBerneSwitzerland

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