Advertisement

Formal and Material Ontology

Chapter
Part of the Nijhoff International Philosophy Series book series (NIPS, volume 53)

Abstract

We owe the concept of formal ontology to Husserl, who called it the ‘formal theory’ of objects. However, the concept of formal as used by Husserl in his definition should not be understood in the conventional sense, since in his thought ‘formal’ is equivalent to ‘categorial’; it is closely connected with the structures of the intentional acts and, as we shall see, has morphodynamic implications.

Keywords

Formal Ontology Perceptive Content Perceptive Field Syntactic Form Foundation Relation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Albertazzi, L. 1989a: Strati, Reverdito, Trento.Google Scholar
  2. Albertazzi, L. 1989b: “The Noema and the Consciousness of Time”, Supplements of Topoi 4, 7–19.Google Scholar
  3. Albertazzi, L. 1990–1: “Brentano, Meinong and Husserl on Internal Time”, Brentano Studien III, 89–111.Google Scholar
  4. Albertazzi, L. 1991: “Il presente psichico tra analisi concettuale e laboratorio: Franz Brentano e Renata Calabresi”, Rivista di psicologia n.s. 11, 35–76; reprinted in Albertazzi and Poli 1993, 131–173.Google Scholar
  5. Albertazzi, L. 1993a: “Time in Brentanist Tradition: Enzo Bonaventura”, Proceedings of the conference The Legacy of Brentano, Cracow, November 1993, forthcoming.Google Scholar
  6. Albertazzi, L. 1993b: “Psicologia descrittiva e psicologia sperimentale: Brentano e Bonaventura sul tempo psichico”, Axiomathes 4, 389–413.Google Scholar
  7. Albertazzi, L. 1994: “Strutture temporali e ontologia”, Proceedings of the conference Francesco de Sarlo e il laboratorio di psicologia di Firenze, Pisa, April 1994, forthcoming.Google Scholar
  8. Albertazzi, L. 1994–5: “Die Theorie der indirekten Modifikation”, forthcoming in Brentano Studien V, 1994–5.Google Scholar
  9. Albertazzi, L. and Poli, R, (eds.) 1993: Brentano in Italia, Milano, Guerini.Google Scholar
  10. Ameseder, R. 1904: “Über Vorstellungsproduktion”, in Meinong 1904.Google Scholar
  11. Bain, A. 1855: The Sense and the Intellect, London.Google Scholar
  12. Benussi, V. 1905: “Gli atteggiamenti psichici elementari e i loro oggetti”, Atti del convegno internazionale di Psicologia, Forzani, Roma, 440–5.Google Scholar
  13. Benussi, V. 1913: Psychologie der Zeitauffassung, Winter, Heidelberg.Google Scholar
  14. Bonaventura, E. 1916: Le qualità del mondo fisico, Galletti e Cocci, Firenze.Google Scholar
  15. Bonaventura, E. 1924: “Doppio tachistoscopio a caduta per lo studio dell’attenzione, del tempo di apprendimento e della percezione del tempo”, Rivista di psicologia 20, 76–80.Google Scholar
  16. Bonaventura, E. 1922: “Signification et valeur de la psychophysique”, Journal de Psychologie 19,481–491.Google Scholar
  17. Bonaventura, E. 1929: Il problema psicologico del tempo, Ist. Ed. Scientifico, Milano.Google Scholar
  18. Bonaventura, E. 1928a: “I problemi attuali della psicologia del tempo”, Archivio italiano di psicologia 6, 78–102.Google Scholar
  19. Bonaventura, E. 1928b: “Note di tecnica sperimentale: il metodo tachistoscopico”, Archivio italiano di psicologia 6, 180–204.Google Scholar
  20. Bonaventura, E. 1931: Sul problema psicologico dello spazio, Le Monnier, Firenze (repr. 1961).Google Scholar
  21. Bonaventura, E. 1990: “La metafisica dello spazio e del tempo”, in Gori-Savellini 1990, 161–190, 188–189.Google Scholar
  22. Bozzi, P. 1968–9: “Direzionalità e organizzazione interna della figura”, Memorie dell’Accademia Patavina, Classe di Scienze Morali, Lettere e Arti 81, 135–170.Google Scholar
  23. Bozzi, P. 1969: Unità, identità, causalità. Una introduzione allo studio della percezione, Cappelli, Bologna.Google Scholar
  24. Bozzi, P. 1989: Fenomenologia sperimentale, Il Mulino, Bologna.Google Scholar
  25. Bozzi, P. 1990: Fisica Ingenua, Garzanti, Milano.Google Scholar
  26. Brandi, J. 1987: “Vorwort zu F. Brentanos ‘Von der Natur der Vorstellung’“, Conceptus 53/54, 19–25.Google Scholar
  27. Brentano, F. 1874: Psychologie vom empirischen Standpunkte (Psychologie I), Duncker and Humblot, Leipzig; also ed. by O. Kraus, Meiner, Leipzig 1929; repr. Hamburg 1973.Google Scholar
  28. Brentano, F. 1907: Untersuchungen zur Synnespsychologie, Duncker and Humblot; also ed. by R.M, Chisholm and W. Baumgartner, Meiner, Hamburg 1979.Google Scholar
  29. Brentano, F. 1911: Von der Klassifikation der psychischen Phänomene (Psychologie II) (O. Kraus, ed.), Duncker and Humblot, Leipzig; repr. Meiner, Hamburg 1971.Google Scholar
  30. Brentano, F. 1976: Philosophische Untersuchungen zu Raum, Zeit und Kontinuum, ed. by S. Körner and R. M. Chisholm, Meiner, Hamburg.Google Scholar
  31. Brentano, F. 1968a: Vom sinnlichen und noetischen Bewusstseins (Psychologie III), ed. by F. Mayer-Hillebrand, Meiner, Hamburg.Google Scholar
  32. Brentano, F. 1968b: Kategorienlehre, ed. by A. Kastil, Meiner, Hamburg.Google Scholar
  33. Brentano, F. 1956: Die Lehre vom richtigen Urteil, ed. by. F. Mayer-Hillebrand, Francke, Bern.Google Scholar
  34. Brentano, F. 1963: Die Abkehr vom Nichrealen, ed. by F. Mayer-Hillebrand, Francke, Bern-Munich.Google Scholar
  35. Brentano, F. 1987: “Von der Natur der Vorstellung”, Conceptus 53/54, 25–33.Google Scholar
  36. Bühler, K. 1934: Sprachtheorie, Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart; repr. Ullstein Book 1975.Google Scholar
  37. Burkhardt H. and Smith B. (eds.) 1992: Handbook of Metaphysics and Ontology, 2 Vols., Philosophia Verlag, Munich-Wien.Google Scholar
  38. Calabresi, R. 1930: Il presente psichico, Bemporad, Firenze.Google Scholar
  39. Chisholm, R.M. 1981: “Brentano’s Analysis of the Consciousness of Time”, Midwest Studies in Philosophy 6, 3–16.Google Scholar
  40. Chisholm, R.M. 1982: “Brentano’s Theory of Substance and Accident”, Brentano and Meinog Studies, Rodopi, Amsterdam, 3–16.Google Scholar
  41. Chisholm, R.M. and Haller, R. (eds.) 1978: Die Philosophie Franz Brentanos, Rodopi, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  42. Claesges, U. 1964: Edmund Husserls Theorie der Raumkonstitution (Phaenomenologica 19), Nijhoff, The Hague.Google Scholar
  43. Claesges, U. 1973: Introduction to Husserl 1973.Google Scholar
  44. Cocchiarella, N. 1972: “Properties as Individuals in Formal Ontology”, Nous 6, 165–87.Google Scholar
  45. Cocchiarella, N. 1974: “Formal Ontology and the Foundations of Mathematics”, in Nackhnikian 1974, 29–46.Google Scholar
  46. Cocchiarella, N. 1986: Logical Investigations of Predication Theory and the Problem of Universal, Bibliopolis, Napoli.Google Scholar
  47. Cocchiarella, N. 1991: “Ontology II: Formal Ontology”, in Buckhardt and Smith 1992, 640–7.Google Scholar
  48. Coniglione F., Poli, R. and Wolenski, J. (eds.) 1993: Polish Scientific Philosophy. The Lvov-Warsaw School, Rodopi, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  49. Diemer, A. 1956: Edmund Husserl. Versuch einer systematischen Darstellung seiner Phänomenologie (Monographien zur philosophischen Forschung, Bd. 15), Anton Hain, Meisenheim am Glan.Google Scholar
  50. Fodor, J.A. and Pylyshin, Z.W.1981: “How direct is Visual Perception? Some Reflections on Gibson’s ‘Ecological Approach’“, Cognition 9, 139–196.Google Scholar
  51. Fraisse, P. 1952: “La perception de la durée comme organisation du successif”, Année psichologique 52, 39–46.Google Scholar
  52. Fraisse, P. 1964: The psychology of time, Eyre and Spottiswoode, London.Google Scholar
  53. Gibson, J.J. 1979: The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception, Houghton Mifflin, Boston.Google Scholar
  54. Goodman, N. 1977: The Structure of Appearance, Reidel, Dordrecht-Boston.Google Scholar
  55. Gori-Savellini S. (ed.) 1990: Enzo Bonaventura, Firenze, Giunti.Google Scholar
  56. Gurwitch, A. 1964: The Field of Consciousness, Duquesne University Press, Pittsburgh.Google Scholar
  57. Hartmann, N. 1948: Zur Grundlegung der Ontologie, Westkulturverlag, Meisenheim am Glan.Google Scholar
  58. Hartmann, N. 1949a: Möglichkeit und Wirklichkeit, Westkulturverlag, Meisenheim am Glan.Google Scholar
  59. Hartmann, N. 1949b: Der Aufbau der realen Welt. Grundrisse der allgemeinen Kategorienlehre, Westkulturverlag, Meisenheim am Glan.Google Scholar
  60. Hayes, P.J. 1985: “The Second Naive Physics Manifesto”, in Hobbs and Moore 1985, 1–36.Google Scholar
  61. Hedwig, K. 1978: “Der scholastische Kontext des Intentionales bei Brentano”, in Chisholm and Haller 1978, 67–83.Google Scholar
  62. Hobbs J.R. and Moore, R.C. (eds.) 1985: Formal Theories of the Commonsense World, Ablex, Norwood, NY.Google Scholar
  63. Husserl, E. 1891a: Philosophie der Arithmetik. Psychologische und Logische Untersuchungen, Vol 1, Pfeiffer, Leipzig; edited by L. Eley, Husserliana, HUA XII, 1970.Google Scholar
  64. Husserl, E. 1891b: “Der Folgerungskalkul und die Inhaltslogik”, Vierteljahrsschrift für wissenschaftliche Philosophie 15, 168–189; repr. in Husserl 1979, 44–66.Google Scholar
  65. Husserl, E. 1894: “Psychologische Studien zur elementaren Logik”, Philosophische Monatshefte 30.Google Scholar
  66. Husserl, E. 1900–1: Logische Untersuchungen, Niemeyer, Halle, 2 ed. 1913; repr. I Vol. edited by E. Holenstein, HUA XVII, 1975; repr. I & II Vol. edited by U. Panzer, HUA XIX 1, 2, 1984.Google Scholar
  67. Husserl, E. 1910–11: “Philosophie als strenge Wissenschaft”, Logos 1, 289–341; repr. (W. Szilasi ed.), Klostermann, Frankfurt a. Main 1965.Google Scholar
  68. Husserl, E. 1913: Ideen zu einer reinen Phänomenologie und phänomenologische Philosophie, edited by W. Biemel (I), M. Biemel (II) and M. Biemel (III), HUA III, 1950, HUA IV, 1952, HUA V, 1952.Google Scholar
  69. Husserl, E. 1930: “Nachwort zu meinen Ideen zu einer reinen Phänomenologie”, Jahrbuch für Philosophie und phänomenologische Forschung 11, 549–570.Google Scholar
  70. Husserl, E. 1939: Erfahrung und Urteil. Untersuchungen zur Genealogie der Logik, edited by L. Landgrebe, Academia Verlag, Prague; Ciaassen and Goverts, Hamburg 1948.Google Scholar
  71. Husserl, E. 1966a: Zur Phänomenologie des inneren Zeitbewußtseins, edited by R. Boehm, HUA X; also edited by R. Bernet, Meiner, Hamburg 1985.Google Scholar
  72. Husserl, E. 1966b: Analysen zur passiven Synthesis, edited by M. Fleischer, HUA XI.Google Scholar
  73. Husserl, E. 1973: Ding und Raum. Vorlesungen 1907, edited by U. Claesges, HUA XIV.Google Scholar
  74. Husserl, E. 1974: Formale und transzendentale Logik. Versuch einer Kritik der logischen Vernunft, edited by P. Janssen, HUA XVII.Google Scholar
  75. Husserl, E. 1979: Aufsatze and Rezensionen (1890–1910), ed. B. Rang (HUA XXII).Google Scholar
  76. Husserl, E. 1980: Phantasie, Bildbewußtsein, Erinnerung, edited by E. Marbach, HUA XXIII.Google Scholar
  77. Husserl, E. 1983: Studien zur Arithmetik und Geometrie, edited by I. Strohmeyer, HUA XXI.Google Scholar
  78. Husserl, E. 1984: Einleitung in die Logik und Erkenntnistheorie. Vorlesungen 1906/7, edited by U. Melle, HUA XXIV.Google Scholar
  79. Johansson, I. 1989: Ontological Investigations. An Inquiry into the Categories of Nature, Man and Society, Routledge, London.Google Scholar
  80. Kanisza, G. 1980: Grammatica del vedere, Il Mulino, Bologna.Google Scholar
  81. Kitcher, P. 1988: “Mart’s Computational Theory of Vision”, Philosophy of Science 55, 1–24.Google Scholar
  82. Koffka, K. 1935: Principles of Gestalt Psychology, Harcourt, Brace, New York.Google Scholar
  83. Kraus, O. 1930: “Zur Phänomenognosie des Zeitbewußtseins”, Archiv für die gesamte Psychologie15, 1–22.Google Scholar
  84. Ingarden, R. 1964–65: Der Streit um die Existenz der Welt: I: Existentialontologie (1964); II: Formalontologie 1 (Form und Wesen) (1965); II/II Formalontologie 2: Welt und Bewußtsein (1965), Niemeyer, Tübingen.Google Scholar
  85. Ingarden, R. 1966: “Remarks pertaining to some of Kasimir Twardowski’s ontological Claims in his Book Zur Lehre vom Inhalt und Gegenstand der Vorstellungen”, Ruch Filozoficzny 25, 21–35.Google Scholar
  86. Libardi, M. 1990: “Teorie delle parti e dell’intero. Mereologie estensionali”, Quaderni del Centro studi per la filosofia mitteleuropea 4–6, 7–302.Google Scholar
  87. Lichtenstein, M. 1961: “Phenomenal Simultaneity with Irregular Timing of Components of Visual Stimulus”, Perception Motor Skills 12, 47–70.Google Scholar
  88. Mally, E. 1914: “Über die Unabhängigkeit der Gegenstande vom Denken”, Zeitschrift für Philosophie und philosophische Kritik, 37–52; Engl, transl. by D. Jacquette in Man and World 22, 1989, 215–231.Google Scholar
  89. Marr, D. 1982: Vision, Freeman, San Francisco.Google Scholar
  90. Meinong, A. 1899: “Über Gegenstände höherer Ordnung und deren Verhältniss zur inneren Wahrnehmung”, Zeitschrift für Psychologie und Physiologie der Sinnesorgane 21, 182–272; repr. in Meinong 1929, Vol. II, n.iv, 377–469.Google Scholar
  91. Meinong, A. 1904: Untersuchungen zur Gegenstandstheorie und Psychologie, Barth, Leipzig.Google Scholar
  92. Meinong, A. 1929: Gesammelte Abhandlungen, Barth, Leipzig.Google Scholar
  93. Melandri, E. 1987: “The ‘Analogia Entis’ according to Franz Brentano”, Topoi 6, 51–59.Google Scholar
  94. Mulligan, K. 1885: “‘Wie die Sachen sich zueinander verhalten’. Inside and outside the Tractatus”, Theoria 5, 145–174.Google Scholar
  95. Mulligan, K. (ed.) 1987a: Speech Act and Sachverhalt. Reinach and the Foundations of Realist Phenomenology, Nijhoff, Dordrecht.Google Scholar
  96. Mulligan, K. 1987b: “Promising and Other Social Acts”, in Mulligan 1987a, 29–87.Google Scholar
  97. Musatti, C. 1964: Condizioni dell’esperienza, Editrice Universitaria, Firenze.Google Scholar
  98. Nakhnikian, G. (ed.) 1974: Bertrand Russell’s Philosophy, Duckworth, London.Google Scholar
  99. Perzanowski, J.: “Ontologies and Ontologics”, in Zarnecka-Biały 1990, 23–42.Google Scholar
  100. Petitot, J. 1984: “La lacune du contour”, Analyse 1, 101–140.Google Scholar
  101. Petitot, J. 1985: Morphogenese du sens, PUF, Paris.Google Scholar
  102. Petitot, J. 1986: “Le morphological turn de la phénoménologie”, Document du C.A.M.S, Paris, E.H.E.S.S.Google Scholar
  103. Petitot, J. 1989: “Forme”, Encyclopedia Universalis XI, Paris, 712–728.Google Scholar
  104. Piana, G. 1977: La tematica husserliana delVintero e delle parti, Introduzione alla Terza e alla Quarta ricerca logica, Il Saggiatore, Milano.Google Scholar
  105. Piana, G. 1979: Elementi di una dottrina dell’esperienza, Il Saggiatore, Milano.Google Scholar
  106. Piana, G. 1988: La notte dei lampi, Guerini, Milano.Google Scholar
  107. Poli, R. 1989: “Ricerche ontologiche I”, Quaderni del centro studi per la filosofia mitteleuropea, 2, 5–55.Google Scholar
  108. Poli, R. 1990: “Ernst Mally’s Theories of Properties”, Grazer Philosophische Studien 38, 115–138.Google Scholar
  109. Poli, R. 1992: Ontologia Formale, Marietti, Genova.Google Scholar
  110. Poli, R. 1993:“Husserl’s Conception of Formal Ontology”, History and Philosophy of Logic 14, 1–14.Google Scholar
  111. Poli, R. 1993b: “Ontologia e logica in Franz Brentano: giudizi tetici e sintetici”, Epistemologia 16, 39–76.Google Scholar
  112. Rubin, E. 1921: Visuell wahrgenommene Figuren. Studien in psychologischer Analyse, Gldenalske, Copenhagen.Google Scholar
  113. Rubin, E. 1927: “Visuelle wahrgenommene wirkliche Bewegungen”, Zeitschrift für Psychologie 103, 384–392.Google Scholar
  114. Sållstrom, P. (ed.) 1984: An Inventory of Present Thinking about Parts and Wholes, Forskningsradsnamden, Stockholm.Google Scholar
  115. Schiller, P. von 1933: “Stroboscopische Alternativversuche”, Psychologische Forschung 17, 179–214.Google Scholar
  116. Smith, B. 1978: “An Essay on Formal Ontology”, Grazer Philosophischen Studien 6, 39–62.Google Scholar
  117. Smith, B. 1984a:, “Logical and Philosophical Remarks on Parts and Wholes”, in Sällström 1984, vol. I, 29–42.Google Scholar
  118. Smith, B. 1984b: “Reflections on Dependence”, in Sällström 1984, vol. I, 29–42.Google Scholar
  119. Smith, B. 1987: “The Substance of Brentano’s Ontology”, Topoi 6, 39–51.Google Scholar
  120. Smith, B. 1989: “The Primacy of Space. An Investigation in Brentanian Ontology”, Topoi 8, 75–88.Google Scholar
  121. Smith, B. (ed.) 1982: Parts and Moments. Studies in Logical and Formal Ontology, Philosophia Verlag, Munich.Google Scholar
  122. Smith, B. and Mulligan, K. 1983: “Framework for Formal Ontology”, Topoi 3, 73–85.Google Scholar
  123. Smith, B. and Petitot, J. 1990: “New Foundations for Qualitative Physics”, in Tiles, McKee and Dean 1990.Google Scholar
  124. Schuhmann, K. 1993: “Husserl and Twardowski”, in Coniglione, Poli and Wolenski 1993, 41–59.Google Scholar
  125. Simons, P. 1986: “Categories and Ways of Being”, Reports in Philosophy, Jagellonian University of Cracow 10, 90–104.Google Scholar
  126. Simons, P. 1987: Parts. A Study in Ontology, Clarendon Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  127. Stern, W. 1897: “Über psychische Präsenzzeit”, Zeitschrift für Psychologie und Physiologie der Sinnesorgane 13, 325–349.Google Scholar
  128. Stumpf, C. 1873: Über den psychologischen Ursprung der Raumvorstellung, Hirzel, Leipzig.Google Scholar
  129. Stumpf, C. 1883–90: Tonpsychologie, 2 vols., Hirzel, Leipzig.Google Scholar
  130. Stumpf, C. 1907: “Erscheinungen und psychische Funktionen”, Abhandlungen der Kgl. Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin.Google Scholar
  131. Tiles, J.E., McKee, G.T. and Dean CG. (eds.) 1990: Evolving Knowledge in Natural Sciences and Artificial Intelligence, Pitman Publishing, London.Google Scholar
  132. Thorn, R. 1972: Stabilité structurelle et morphogénèse. Essai d’une théorie générale des modèles, Inter Editions, Paris.Google Scholar
  133. Thom, R. 1980: Modèles mathématiques de la Morphogenèse, 2 ed., Ch. Bourgois, Paris.Google Scholar
  134. Thom, R. 1988: Esquisse d’une Sémiophysique, Inter-Edition, Paris.Google Scholar
  135. Twardowski, K. 1894: Zur Lehre vom Inhalt und Gegenstand der Vorstellungen, Höfler, Wien; repr. ed by R. Haller, Philosophia Verlag, Munich 1982.Google Scholar
  136. Vicario, G. 1973: Tempo psicologico ed eventi, Giunti e Barbera, Firenze.Google Scholar
  137. Vicario, G. 1991: “L’ipotesi della costanza in psicologia”, Rivista di psicologia 1–2, 9–19.Google Scholar
  138. Wertheimer, M. 1923: “Untersuchungen zur Lehre von der Gestalt”, Psychologische Forschung 4, 301–351.Google Scholar
  139. Witschel, G. 1964: “Zwei Beiträge Husserls zum Problem der sekundären Qualitäten”, Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 18, 30–49.Google Scholar
  140. Zarnecka-Bialy, E. (ed.) 1990: Logic Counts, Kluwer, Dordrecht/Boston/London.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1996

Authors and Affiliations

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations