Domains and Anaphora (I)
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At the end of the last chapter I shewed how the introduction of domain relativity enabled a traditional Russellian account of the to be maintained, even for its anaphoric uses. The idea that anaphoric reference using the definite article may be integrated with a Russellian account is studied by Robin Cooper, 1993. Cooper’s idea is to use what he calls ‘resource situations’ in the evaluation of quantifiers, and I propose to use the domain relativity introduced in chapter 6 for this same purpose. On p.83 I alluded to the problem posed by the fact that a party in (17) on p.81 is a quantified expression. The problem was avoided in (27) on p.83 by allowing reference to a particular party. This way of avoiding the problem fits in well with the analysis of indefinites proposed in Kamp 1983 and Heim 1983 and sometimes called the DRT (discourse representation theory) analysis. Such an account contrasts with the Frege/Russell account favoured by Cooper when relativized to domains, and in the next few chapters I shall attempt to implement a Cooper-style account of the phenomena which are dealt with quite differently in DRT approaches. In particular the aim is to use the semantics of every and a given in (41) and (42) on p.86 and in (47) on p.88.
KeywordsDomain Relativity Definite Article Propositional Language Minimal Domain Discourse Representation Theory
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