Recultivation of Mining Waste Dumps in the Ruhr Area, Germany



In 1993, Ruhrkohle AG produced 41,9 million tons of coal and 19,1 million m3 of mining waste. Of this, 0,7 million m3 were used underground as stowing material, 4,7 million m3 was used commercially, while the remaining 13,7 million m3 required dumping.

Efforts related to the use and disposal of the material up to now dumped are concentrating on applying technical methods to reduce the production of waste underground, on opening up new markets of this material, on utilization of mining waste as a building material, and on low-environmental-impact dumping. Since the late 1970ies, the mining waste heaps in the Ruhr mining region have been conceived and designed as “landscape structures”, i.e., they are integrated into the landscape by means of careful planning and design, and are immediately planted with vegetation.

Key words

hard coal mining mining waste mining waste heaps recultivation of waste heaps ecology of waste heaps 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Campino, I., Gierse, R., Kerth, M., Wiggering, H. and Zentgraf, J.; 1991, ‘LOBA-Empfehlungen zur Ermittlung bodenkundlicher Kenndaten’, in Wiggering, H. and Kerth, M. (eds.), Bergehalden des Steinkohlenbergbaus. Viehweg Verlag, 167–174.Google Scholar
  2. Hansel G.: 1988. Energiewirtschaftliche Tagesfragen, 8, 619–623Google Scholar
  3. Jochimsen, M. E. A.: 1996. ‘Reclamation of Colliery mine spoil heaps founded on natural succession’, in Hüttl, R.F. and Wisniewski, J. (eds), Mine Site Recultivation. Water, Air and Soil Pollution Special Volume.Google Scholar
  4. Land Nordrhein-Westfalen: 1984, Zulassung von Bergehalden im Bereich der Bergaufsicht. Land Nordrhein-Westfalen: 1991, Runderlaß zur Verwertung von industriellen reststoffen, aufbereiteten Altbaustoffen, Bodenaushub und Bergematerial im Tiefbau. Google Scholar
  5. Landesoberbergamt Nordrhein-Westfalen: 1985, Grundsätze für die Anlegung und Wiedernutzbarmachung von Bergehalden des Steinkohlembergbaus. Google Scholar
  6. Schöpel, M. and Thein, J.: 1991. ‘Stoffaustrag aus Bergehalden’. in Wiggering, H. and Kerth, M. (eds.), Bergehalden des Steinkohlenbergbaus. Viehweg Verlag, 115–128.Google Scholar
  7. Schulz, D.: 1989, Glückauf, 125, 84–88Google Scholar
  8. Schulz, D. and Wiggeing, H.: 1991. ‘Die industrielle Entwicklung des Steinkohlenbergbaus und der Anfall von Bergematerial’, in Wiggering, H. and Kerth, M. (eds.), Bergehalden des Steinkohlenbergbaus. Viehweg Verlag, 9–20.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.EssenGermany

Personalised recommendations