Toward Holistic Conception of Artificial Intelligence

  • Vadim N. Sadovsky
Part of the Synthese Library book series (SYLI, volume 257)


This paper suggests a substitution to approach to the construction of a holistic conception of AI for the so far dominating narrowly special (computer, psychological, and the like) approaches to artificial intelligence (AI) problems. In the former case, the AI domain comprises at least six interrelated blocks:
  1. 1.

    functioning of natural intelligence;

  2. 2.

    development and implementation of intelligent computer programs;

  3. 3.

    natural intelligence theory;

  4. 4.

    intelligent programming theory;

  5. 5.

    systems-cybernetic paradigm;

  6. 6.

    philosophy, methodology, and logic of knowledge, primarily of scientific knowledge.



Intellectual Activity Turing Test Holistic Conception Artificial Intelligence Research Intelligent Computer Program 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    G. M. Adelson-Velsky, V. L. Arlazarov, and M. V. Donskoy. Algorithms for Games, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1988.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    A. M. Andrew. Possibilities and probabilities. The Robots are Coming, F. H. George and J. D. Humphries, eds. Ch. 8, pp. 115–123, Manchester National Computing Centre, 1974.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    A. M. Andrew. Artificial Intelligence. Abacus Press, 1983.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    V. N. Sadovsky and V. N. Kostyuk, eds. Artificial Intelligence and Problems of Knowledge Organisation. VNIISI Collected Papers, Moscow,1991. (In Russian.) 46 V. N. Sadovsky Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    V. A. Gelovani, O. V. Kovrigin and N. D. Smolianinov. Methodological problems of building expert intelligent systems. Systems Research. Methodological Problems Yearbook,pp. 254— 278, Nauka Publishers, Moscow, 1983. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    B. S. Gryaznov. Logic, Rationality, Creativity Nauka Publishers, Moscow, 1982. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    D. I. Larichev, A. I. Mechitov, H. M. Moshkovich and E. M. Furems. Elicitation of Expert Knowledge,Nauka Publishers, Moscow, 1989. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    Logic and Computer. Modelling of Reasoning and Program Verification Nauka Publishers, Moscow, 1990. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    J. McCarthy. Mathematical logic in artificial intelligence. The Artificial Intelligence Debate. False Starts, Real Foundations, St. R. Graubard, ed. pp. 297–311, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1988.Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    M. S. Elzas, T. I. Oren and B. P. Zeigler, eds. Modelling and Simulation Methodology. Knowledge Systems Paradigms. North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1989.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    D. A. Pospelov. From inference to justification: a change over of paradigms in artificial intelligence. Formal and Informal Reasonings,Transactions of a Seminar on Artificial Intelligence, pp. 74–81, Tartu University Collected Papers, 1989. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    D. E Rummelhart, and J. L. McClell and the PDP Research Group, eds. Parallel Distributed Processing: Explorations in the Microstructure of Cognition. Vol 1 and 2. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1986.Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    R. Schank and L. Hunter. The quest to understand thinking. Byte, April 1985.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    G. P. Shchedrovitsky. Language thinking and methods of its analysis. Voprosy yazykoznaniya,1957, Ni. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    Yu. A. Schreider. Computer as a means for knowledge representation. Priroda,1986, N10,pp. 14–22. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    J. R. Searle. Is the brain’s mind a computer program? Scientific American, 262, 20–25, 1990.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    St. R. Graubard, ed. The Artificial Intelligence Debate. False Starts, Real Foundations, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1988.Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    A. M. Turing. Computing machinery and intelligence. Mind, 59, 433–460, 1950.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    K. L. Viktorova. Specific utilisation of theoretico-cognitive constructs in artificial intelligence systems. In [4]. Moscow, 1991. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    T. Winograd. Artificial intelligence and language comprehension. Artificial Intelligence and Language Comprehension, Washington, DC, 1976.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vadim N. Sadovsky

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations