Figure of Speech

Part of the Applied Logic Series book series (APLS, volume 1)


Aristotle’s fallacy of form of expression didn’t have quite the impact on the logic textbook treatments of the fallacies that equivocation, amphiboly, and accent have had. Early on, it tended to be included in textbooks, as more of a minor fallacy, but then, with a few notable exceptions and honourable mentions, it eventually faded out almost to nonexistence, in the standard treatment. The current presumption is that it is not worth mentioning.


Figurative Language Grammatical Form Abstract Noun Concrete Entity Connotative Meaning 
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  1. 1.
    On Sophistical Refutations (166 b 10).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    See Walton ([1989b, Chapter 2]).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    See Chapter 4.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Sections 5 through 8, below.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Mill [1843; 1970, pp. 530–532] quoted much of Whately’s account of the fallacy of paronymous words, but treated it under ‘the fallacy of ambiguous terms’, along with equivocation. Mill classified both fallacies in the category of ‘fallacies of confusion’.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyUniversity of WinnipegCanada

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