Using Ecostratigraphic Trends in Sequence Stratigraphy

  • Federico Olóriz
  • Jesus E. Caracuel
  • Francisco J. Rodríguez-Tovar
Part of the Coastal Systems and Continental Margins book series (CSCM, volume 1)

Abstract

Recent advances in basin analysis based on surface data advance sedimentary and paleoecologic research by taking into account the stratigraphic framework. Sequence stratigraphy and high-resolution event stratigraphy are well-known approaches that aid these advances. Ecostratigraphic interpretations have proved to be valuable tools in high-resolution event stratigraphy through the recognition of ecostratigraphic events. We propose the application of ecostratigraphy as a complement in sequence stratigraphy using ecostratigraphic trends. The conceptual basis consists of the assumption of close, though complex, relationships between the accommodation and the ecospace. Systems tracts, a key to sequence stratigraphy, are assumed to be related to shifting ecospaces and ecostratigraphic trends related to eustasy. Ecostratigraphic trends can also provide information about local ecospace deviations.

Appropriate ecostratigraphic sampling programs are of prime importance for ecostratigraphic interpretations based on the combined analysis of the stratigraphic features and the recorded fossil assemblages of megainvertebrates. Some applications demonstrated here are based on 7,000 megain vertebrates sampled bed-by-bed in sections belonging to the Subbetic Zone, Prebetic Zone, Algarve Basin, Iberian Cordillera, and the island of Mallorca on the Iberian Subplate. The five cases studied deal with condensed (ammonitico rosso) and expanded (rhythmic marly-limestones) facies from the Middle Oxfordian to the Lower Tithonian, and concern: a) the ecosedimentary evolution at the stage and substage levels; b) ecostratigraphic interpretations at the ammonite biochrono-zone level; c) comparison of faunal assemblages from distant epicontinental areas; d) relationship between ecostratigraphic interpretations and trends in abiotic components; and e) the influence of tectono-eustatic interactions on trends in the composition of fossil assemblages. We conclude that shifting bio- and lithofacies can be more adequately interpreted by combining ecostratigraphic and sequence stratigraphie approaches.

Keywords

Sequence Stratigraphy Trace Fossil Faunal Assemblage Highstand System Tract Fossil Assemblage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Federico Olóriz
  • Jesus E. Caracuel
  • Francisco J. Rodríguez-Tovar

There are no affiliations available

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