Other Minds pp 71-91 | Cite as

Criteria and Other Minds

  • Alec Hyslop
Part of the Synthese Library book series (SYLI, volume 246)


The analogical inference to other minds has competitors other than the scientific inference to other minds. They all seem to me to fail. I shall examine them successively beginning with that “approach” to other minds which depends on the notion of criteria. The classical role of criteria in epistemology has, indeed, been to justify belief in other minds. Often this has proceeded in two stages. First the analogical inference to other minds is attacked and thoroughly discredited thereby exposing a vacuum. Criteria are then invoked to fill this vacuum. Given that there is such a strategy, the consequent urgency of the need has, I think, been responsible for the fact that criteria have been rushed in without due care and attention. This chapter will give them that due care and attention.


Inductive Inference Deductive Inference Conceptual Connection Criterial Evidence Analogical Inference 
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Notes to Chapter Five

  1. 1.
    Norman Malcolm, Dreaming (Routledge, 1959); together with his ‘Knowledge of Other Minds’, Journal of Philosophy, vol.55 (1958) pp. 969–78; and his ‘Wittgenstein’s Philosophical Investigations; Philosophical Review, vol.63 (1954) pp. 530–59.Google Scholar
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  4. 3.
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  25. 24.
    I understand that the most that can be claimed here is that sometimes, when burned, one gets a burning pain, and that is the basis for the characterisation.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alec Hyslop
    • 1
  1. 1.La Trobe UniversityMelbourneAustralia

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