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Analogy and Similarity in Scientific Reasoning

  • Ilkka Niiniluoto
Chapter
Part of the Synthese Library book series (SYLI, volume 197)

Abstract

Analogical reasoning is a traditional mode of argument which has been applied in a variety of contexts — such as rhetorics, ethics, politics, mythology, metaphysics, theology, mathematics, logic, physics, biology, medicine, psychology, jurisprudence, engineering, and artificial intelligence. Within its everyday and scientific applications, analogy has been employed for different purposes — such as heuristics, justification, and problem solving. For these reasons, it cannot be expected that there is only one “correct” formal system for representing the “valid” patterns of analogical inference.

Keywords

Scientific Reasoning Analogical Reasoning Inductive Logic Similarity Influence Partial Identity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ilkka Niiniluoto
    • 1
  1. 1.The Department of PhilosophyUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland

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