Advertisement

Categories and Analogies

  • Mark Turner
Chapter
Part of the Synthese Library book series (SYLI, volume 197)

Abstract

I want to pursue the following claims:
  • The way we categorize helps explain the way we recognize a statement as an analogy.

  • Conversely, the way we recognize a statement as an analogy illuminates the way we categorize.

  • Analogies exist because of the way we categorize.

Keywords

Mental Model Category Structure Conceptual System Analogical Connection Banana Peel 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bobrow, D. G. and Winograd, T. (1977), ‘An overview of KRL: A knowledge representation language’. Cognitive Scienc. , 3–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brewer, M., Dull, V., and Lui, L. (1981), ‘Perceptions of the elderly: Stereotypes as prototvpes’, Journal of Personalitv and Social Psychologg. 4., 656–670.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Dahlgren, Kathleen (1985), ‘The cognitive structure of social categories’, Cognitive Scienc. , 3, 379–398.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Fehr, B. and Russell, J. A. (1984), ‘Concept of emotion viewed from a prototype perspective’, Journal of Experimental Psychology. Genera. 11., 484–486.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Fillmore, Charles J. (1968), ‘The case for case’, in Universals in Linguistic Theor., ed. Robert T. Harms, New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1–88.Google Scholar
  6. Gentner, Dedre (1983), ‘Structure-mapping: A theoretical framework for analogy’, Cognitive Scienc. , 2, 155–170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Graesser, A. C., Gordon, S. E., and Sawyer, J. (1979), ‘Recognition memory for typical and atypical actions in scripted activities’, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memor. , 503–515.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Grice, H. P. (1975), ‘Logic and conversation’, in Syntax and Semantics, Vol. III: Speech Acts. ed. J. L. Morgan. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  9. Katz, J. and Fodor, J. A. (1963), ‘The structure of a semantic theory’, Languag. 3., 170–210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Katz, Jerrold J. and Postal, Paul M. (1964), An Integrated Theory of Linguistic Description., Cambridge MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  11. Lakoff, George (1987), Women, Fire, and Dangerous Things: What Categories Reveal About the Min., Chicago: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Minsky, Marvin (1975), ‘A framework for representing knowledge’, in The Psychology of Computer Visio., ed. P. Winston, New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  13. Quillian, M. Ross (1968), ‘Semantic memory’, in Semantic Information Processin., ed. Marvin Minsky, Cambridge MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  14. Rosch, Eleanor (1975a), ‘Cognitive reference points’, Cognitive Psycholog. , 532–547.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Rosch, Eleanor (1975b), ‘Cognitive representations of semantic categories’, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Genera. 10., 192–233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Rosch, Eleanor (1977), ‘Human categorization’, in Advances in Cross-Cultural Psycholog., New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  17. Rosch, E. (1978), ‘Principles of categorization’, in Cognition and categorizatio., ed. B. B. Lloyd, Hillsdale NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  18. Rosch, Eleanor (1981), ‘Categorization of natural objects’, Annual Review of Psycholog. 3., 89–115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Rosch, Eleanor (In press), ‘Coherences and categorization: A historical view’, in Festschrift for Roger Brow., ed. E. Rosch, Hillsdale NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  20. Rosch E. and Mervis, C. B. (1975), ‘Family resemblance: Studies in the internal structure of categories’, Cognitive Psycholog. , 573–605.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Schank, Roger C. and Abelson, R. (1977), Scripts, Plans, Goals and Understandin., Hillsdale NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  22. Schank, R. C. (1975), Conceptuallnformation Processin., New York: North-Holland.Google Scholar
  23. Schank, R. C. (1973), ‘Identification of conceptualizations underlying natural language’, in Computer Models of Thought and Languag., ed. K. M. Colby, San Francisco CA: Freeman, pp. 187–247.Google Scholar
  24. Smith, E. E. and Medin, D. L. (1981), Categories and Concept., Cambridge MA: Harvard U Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark Turner
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of EnglishUniversity of ChicagoUSA

Personalised recommendations