Introduction: Methodology, Ideology, and Scientific Revolutions
The problem which the present study raises and addresses itself to may be formulated by asking: What is the structural identity of science from the point of view of the problems of epistemic structure, growth of knowledge and epistemic appraisal. This is essentially to reformulate in one single question a whole complex set of questions of the kind that have always troubled the epistemologist as well as the methodologist of science in one way or another. The reformulation necessitates, on the one hand, another look at the traditional subjectivist enterprise of epistemology and the specific theories developed thereunder, and has the consequence of setting limits to radical alternatives to it, i.e., radical alternatives like those proposed by Karl Popper and W. V. O. Quine respectively. On the other hand, it facilitates a constructive and critical review of the current scene of controversy that centres around the Popper-Lakatos-Kuhn-Feyerabend debate concerning the rationality/non-rationality of scientific revolutions and the growth of knowledge.
KeywordsScientific Revolution Empirical Science Subjectivistic Enterprise Radical Alternative Logical Empiricist
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