Idealization and ‘Methodological Irrationalism’
Part of the Synthese Library book series (SYLI, volume 139)
The theories of the empirical sciences we have discussed in former chapters maintain that the final criterion of judging whether a given hypothesis can be included into the body of science is experience. Although there are many ways of interpreting experience, methodologists agree at one point — they consider the following principle of empirical testibility to be obligatory in the emprirical sciences:
If it turns out that observed facts contradict an accepted theory, the latter is rejected.
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