The Development of Pioneer — Communities on Raw Soil above Alpine Timberline (Abridged Version)

  • M. Jochimsen


Approximately since 1850 the glaciers are retreating their snouts towards higher elevations. This process was interrupted only by slight advances about 1890 and 1920. The areas now being ice-free offer excellent opportunities for studying plant settlement under the conditions of the alpine belt. To a certain extent the state of vegetation in this region is relevant to the origin of mud-streams and avalanches. — Up to the present the investigations of 19 forefields within the European Alps are completed.


Fine Sand Alpine Belt Morainic Deposit Water Factor Vegetation Site 
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  1. JOCHIMSEN, M. (1963): Vegetationsentwicklung im hochalpinen Neuland (Beobachtungen an Dauerflächen im Gletschervorfeld. 1958–1962). Festschr. H. Garns, Ber. Naturwiss.-Med. Ver. Innsbruck 53: 109–123.Google Scholar
  2. JOCHIMSEN, M. (1970): Die Vegetationsentwicklung auf Moränenböden in Abhängigkeit von einigen Umweltfaktoren. Veröff. Uni Innsbruck 46, Alpin-Biol. Studien 2: 5–22.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Jochimsen
    • 1
  1. 1.Lehrstuhl für BotanikUniversität HohenheimStuttgart 70Deutschland

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