Political Generals and Industrial Magnates

  • Robert B. Armeson

Abstract

When Rumania entered the war on the side of the Allies on August 27, 1916, William II bowed to the pressure exerted by leaders among the nation’s military and economic circles,1 with reluctance removed General von Falkenhayn from his position as Chief of Staff and, on August 29, appointed Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg as his successor. At first the Emperor had planned to appoint General Erich Ludendorff to a secondary position behind Hindenburg. Ludendorff, however, insisted upon the title “First Quartermaster General” and the right to have joint responsibility in all decisions and measures that might be taken. By acceding to this demand, the Emperor withdrew farther than ever from a leading position in the war.2

Keywords

Military Service Heavy Industry General Staff Franchise System Territorial Expansion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg, Betrachtungen zum Weltkriege (Berlin, 1919–1921).Google Scholar
  2. 4.
    Bernhard Guttmann, Schattenriss einer Generation, 1888–1919 (Stuttgart, 1950), p. 126.Google Scholar
  3. 1.
    Erich Ludendorff, Meine Kriegserinnerungen 1914–1918 (Berlin, 1919), pp. 4, 259Google Scholar
  4. 1.
    Kuno von Westarp, Konservative Politik im letzten Jahrzehnt des Kaiserreiches (Berlin, 1935), II, 37, 51–52.Google Scholar
  5. 3.
    Alfred von Tirpitz, Politische Dokumente (Berlin, 1924–1926), II, 58ff, 144ff., 179.Google Scholar
  6. 5.
    Gordon A. Craig, The Politics of the Prussian Army, 1640–1945 (New York, 1955), p. 308.Google Scholar
  7. 1.
    Ralph Haswell Lutz, ed., The Fall of the German Empire, 1914–1918 (Stanford, 1932), I. 312–320.Google Scholar
  8. 3.
    Heinrich Class, Wider den Strom. Vom Werden und Wachsen der nationalen Opposition im alten Reich (Leipzig, 1932), p. 307.Google Scholar
  9. 4.
    D. C. McKay, “The Pre-War Development of Briey Iron Ores,” Essays in the History of Modern Europe (New York, 1936), pp. 177–181Google Scholar
  10. A. H. Brooks and M. F. Lacrois, “The Iron and Associated Industries of Lorraine, the Sarre District, Luxembourg and Belgium,” U. S. Geological Survey (Washington, 1920), Bulletin 706, p. 44ff.Google Scholar
  11. L. Bruneau, UAllemagne en France (Paris, 1915), p. 11ff.Google Scholar
  12. 1.
    M. Ungeheuer, “Die industriellen Interessen Deutschlands in Frankreich vor Ausbruch des Krieges,” Technik und Wirtschaft, IX (1916), 16ff.Google Scholar
  13. 5.
    Gaston Raphael, Hugo Stinnes, Der Mensch, Sein Werk, Sein Wirken (Berlin, 1925), p. 96.Google Scholar
  14. 1.
    J. Pirenne and M. Vauthier, LaLégislation et Vadministration allemandes en Belgique (Paris, 1925), p. 50.Google Scholar
  15. 3.
    Frank P. Chambers, The War Behind The War, 19144–1918 (New York, 1939), p. 171.Google Scholar
  16. 5.
    Arthur Rosenberg, The Birth of the German Republic, 1871–1918, trans. Ian F. D. Morrow (London, 1931), p. 139.Google Scholar
  17. 2.
    George I. Gay and H. H. Fisher, eds., Public Relations of the Commission for Relief in Belgium (Stanford, 1929), II, 105–107.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, Netherlands 1964

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert B. Armeson
    • 1
  1. 1.State University CollegeOswegoUSA

Personalised recommendations