Historical Background



Both the Zionist point of view and that of the Arabs have their roots in historical conditions. Zionism goes back as far as 1896 when Dr. Theodor Herzl, a native of Budapest, gave Zionism a definitely political turn. Disheartened with the mistreatment of the Jews in Central Europe, he proposed a Jewish state in which the Jews could live free from oppression.1 Initially, the locale of the Jewish state was unimportant. However, after Herzl’s death in 1904, the Seventh Congress of the World Zionist Organization insisted that Palestine should be the place where the Jewish state was to be established.2


Absorptive Capacity Security Council Historical Background Jewish People Partition Plan 
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© Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, Netherlands 1968

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