The Litany of the Resi Bhujangga

Part of the Bibliotheca Indonesica book series (BIBI, volume 9)


The Balinese year consists of 210 days, and no treatise on Bali fails to mention the ñĕpi, the annual ‘keeping of silence’ and staying at home which the Balinese observe during the time when the sĕṅguhu or exorcist priests are conducting their ceremonies at the crossroads, where they invoke the evil spirits to assemble, so that they may be propitiated and sent on their way. This priest’s ritual has not, however, had much attention paid to it, though his co-officiating on important occasions has been brought to the foreground by Dr. J. L. Swellengrebel,1 while Tyra de Kleen, in her book ‘Mudrās, the ritual hand-poses of the Buddha priests and the Shiva priests in Bali’ has furnished drawings of the cult insignia by which he is distinguished.2 Much more is known about other Balinese priests: the pamaṅku, village or temple priest3 and the padanda, brahmin ‘high priest’ who belongs either to the Śaiva paksa (‘wing’)4 or to the Bauddha paksa, the latter constitute a small minority.5


North Holland Publishing Company Evil Spirit Palm Leaf Siren Natar Buddha Priest 
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  1. 4.
    Dr. R. Goris (text) and Drs. P. L. Dronkers (photography), ‘Bali, Cults and Customs’, published by the Government of the Republic of Indonesia [1953]. C. Hooykaas, ‘Āgama Tirtha, five studies in Hindu-Balinese religion’; same author,’ sūrya-sevana, the way to God of a Balinese Śiva priest’, both North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1964 and 1966.Google Scholar
  2. 5.
    The first 30 drawings by Tyra de Kleen depict the Buddhist brahman priest. Cf. also Dr. Swellengrebel o. c.; C. Hooykaas, ‘Bauddha Brahmins in Bali’, BSOAS XXVI/3, 1963, 544–50; same author, ‘Buddhism in Bali’, Felicitation Volumes of S.E. Asian Studies... Siam Society, Bangkok,1965, I 25-34; same author “Śānti, a ritualistic object from Bali’, Asia Major, New Series XI/1 78-83, year 1964. Andnow: ‘BalineseBauddhaBrahmans’, North Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam, London, 1973.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 9.
    Dealt with critically and at great length by Dr. J. Gonda, ‘Sanskrit in Indonesia’, International Academy of Indian Culture, Nagpur [now New Delhi], 1952, 371–76. Now we can add: Johanna Engelberta Van Lohuizen-de Leeuw: ‘An Indo-Javanese Representation of a bhujanga, being pp. 157-60 in ‘India Major, congratulatory volume presented to J. Gonda’, Leiden, Brill, 1972.Google Scholar
  4. 10.
    C. Hooykaas, ‘The Lay of Jaya Prana, the Balinese Uriah’, Luzac & Co., London, 1958.Google Scholar
  5. 14.
    Most recent list of acquisitions and bibliography about earlier lists in ‘Indonesische Handschriften’ by R. M. Ng. Dr. Poerbatjaraka, Dr. P. Voorhoeve en Dr. G. Hooykaas, Lembaga Kebudajaan “Koninklijk Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen”, Nix & Co., Bandung, 1950, pp. 184–88.Google Scholar
  6. 15.
    C. Hooykaas, ‘Books made in Bali’, Munshi Indological Volume, Bhāratīya Vidyā Bhavan, Bombay [1963], pp. 377–91; the same in BKI 119/4, 1963, pp. 371-86.Google Scholar
  7. 17.
    Dr. J. L. Swellengrebel, ‘Een Heilige Schrift voor Bali’, DJAWA 21, 1941, pp. 296–8.Google Scholar

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© Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 1974

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