Vanadium (V) does not occur free in nature. It is a whitish silvery metal, melting at about 1720°C. It has a great affinity for oxygen, a property underlying its use in metallurgy. Vanadium ores are treated in various ways, smelting in the electric furnace, reduction by the Thermit process (see p. 318), etc., to produce ferro-vana-dium, with some 30 per cent vanadium.
KeywordsElectric Furnace Granitic Pegmatite Tantalum Carbide Great Tensile Strength Cent Vanadium
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