It is traditional in the literature on Pierre Bayle to make some reference to Montaigne as one of the masters of skepticism in whose tracks he follows, albeit hardly so closely as Charron had. Time and again critics feel the need to mention Montaigne and Bayle in the same context, sometimes to contrast their brands of Pyrrhonism, more often to explain similarities in their ideas and methods, which have frequently been regarded as important steps in the gradual evolution of unChristian, even anti-Christian, thought.


Religious Belief Religious Faith Gradual Evolution Modern Philosophy Minor Adjustment 
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  1. 1.
    On Montaigne, see Donald M. Frame’s “Did Montaigne Betray Sebond?” Romanic Review, XXXVIII (1947), 311–313. On Bayle see Sainte-Beuve’s essay in Les Grands Ecrivains français, études des lundis et des portraits classées selon un ordre nouveau et annotées par Maurice Allem, XVIIe siècle, Philosophes et moralistes (Paris: Garnier, 1928), especially pp. 215–216.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    La Genèse du scepticisme érudit chez Bayle (Liège: Vaillant-Carmanne, 1878), p. 120.Google Scholar
  3. 1.
    La Renommée de Montaigne en France au XVIIIe siècle (Angers: Editions de l’Ouest, 1952), p. 78.Google Scholar
  4. 2.
    Histoire de la littérature française, 34th ed. (Paris: Delaplane, 1916), p. 402.Google Scholar

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© Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, Netherlands 1966

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  • Craig B. Brush

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