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The Senate: Preliminary Considerations

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Abstract

The Senate considered arms control and disarmament on several occasions during the Kennedy administration. In 1961, it passed the bill to establish the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency by an impressive vote of 73 to 14. However, many members had been skeptical about the possibility or desirability of achieving arms control. For example, 33 members voted for a motion by Senator Everett M. Dirksen to refer the bill creating ACDA to the Committee on Armed Services, a move designed to weaken and probably kill the Agency. Doubts about disarmament were more forcibly expressed at that time when an amendment offered by Senator Barry Goldwater to limit the authority of the Agency was narrowly defeated by a vote of 43 to 46.1 Authorization bills for ACDA always drew substantially more opposition than money bills for the Department of Defense.

Keywords

Atomic Energy Commission Foreign Relation Preliminary Consideration Senate Committee Congressional Record 
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Reference

  1. 1.
    Congressional Record, June 17, 1963, pp. 10958-10964. For a discussion of treaties and executive agreements, see Elmer Plischke, Conduct of American Diplomacy ( 2nd ed.; Princeton: D. Van Nostrand, 1961 ), pp. 370 - 442.Google Scholar
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    There was overlapping membership on the committees. Rather than arbitrarily assign a particular member to one committee and remove him from another in order to eliminate counting the contribution of a member twice, each contribution was assigned to a member on the basis of his committee membership whether this was one or two. Democratic Senators Russell and Jackson were members of the Committee on Armed Services and the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy, Senator Gore was on Foreign Relations and Atomic Energy. Democratic Senator Symington was a member of Foreign Relations and Armed Services. Republican Senators Hickenlooper and Aiken were members of Foreign Relations and Atomic Energy.Google Scholar
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© Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, Netherlands 1970

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