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Analogy

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Abstract

“Then I contemplated all the other things below Thee, and I saw that they neither absolutely are nor totally are not: they are, for they exist from Thee; they are not since they are not what Thou art. For that truly is which abides unchangeably.”1 Have we not seen other typical texts that are perhaps even more explicit? “For He [God] exists in such fashion that, compared to Him the things that are made are not. Yet, seen not in comparison to Him, they are, since they are from Him. Compared to Him, however, they are not, for true existence is immutable existence, which He alone is.”2

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References

  1. 1.
    “Et inspexi caetera infra te, et vidi nec omnino esse, nec omnino non esse. Esse quidem, quoniam abs te sunt: non esse autem, quoniam id quod es non sunt. Id enim vere est, quod incommutabiliter manet.” Confessions, VII, 11.17 (PL 32, 742).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    “Ita enim ille est, ut in ejus comparatione ea quae facta sunt, non sint, Illo non comparato, sunt; quoniam ab illo sunt; illi autem comparata non sunt, quia verum esse, incommutabile esse est, quod ille solus est.” Commentary on Psalm CXXXIV, 4 (PL 37, 1741); see above, p. 12.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    See above, Chapter II, p. 21.Google Scholar
  4. 1.
    The City of God, VIII, 6 (PL 41, 231).Google Scholar
  5. 2.
    See also, On Christian Doctrine, I, 32 (PL 34, 32); On St. John’s Gospel, XXXVIII, 8-10 (PL 35, 1678-81).Google Scholar
  6. 3.
    See above, Chapter III, p. 22.Google Scholar
  7. 4.
    See above, Chapter II; note especially Augustine’s Commentary on Psalm CXLVI, 11 (PL 37, 1906).Google Scholar
  8. 5.
    On the True Religion, XVIII, 35 (PL 34, 137); On the Nature of the Good, I, 1 (PL 42, 551); I, 10 (PL 42, 554); see above Chapter II.Google Scholar
  9. 6.
    Commentary on Psalm CXXXIV, 4 (PL 37, 1741).Google Scholar
  10. 7.
    “Tu ergo, Domine, fecisti ea qui pulcher es, pulchra sunt enim, qui bonus es, bona sunt enim; qui es, sunt enim. Nec ita pulchra sunt, nec ita bona sunt, nec ita sunt sicut tu Conditor eorum, cui comparata, nec pulchra sunt, nec bona sunt, nec sunt.” Confessions, XI, 4.6 (PL 32, 811).Google Scholar
  11. 1.
    E.g., The City of God, XII, 2 (PL 41, 35o); VIII, 6 (PL 41, 251); XI, 16 (PL 41, 334); XII, 24 (PL 41, 351-52); Commentary on Psalm CI, 10 (PL 37, 1301); On St. John’s Gospel, XXXVIII, 10 (PL 35, 1680); On the True Religion, III, 3 (PL 34, 124); XIII 16 (PL 34, 133); Confessions, XIII, 31, 46 (PL 32, 865); The Book of Eighty-Three Questions, q. 46, 2 (PL 40, 29-31).Google Scholar
  12. 2.
    See above, Chapter VII.Google Scholar
  13. 3.
    Cf. St. Thomas, De Veritate, I, 1.Google Scholar
  14. 4.
    The later ens. See below, Chapter IX, p. 68.Google Scholar
  15. 5.
    For copious texts on these points see F. Thonnard, “Caractères platoniciennes de l’ontologie augustinienne,” in Augustinus Magister (Paris: Études Augustiniennes, 1954), I, pp. 317-327; R. Berlinger, Augustins dialogische Metaphysik (Frankfurt am Main: Klostermann, 1962), pp. 107-115.Google Scholar
  16. 1.
    The City of God, XI, 10.3 (PL 41, 327).Google Scholar
  17. 2.
    Commentary on Psalm CI, Sermon 2. 30 (PL 37, 1311).Google Scholar
  18. 3.
    Confessions, XIII, 31.46 (PL 32, 865).Google Scholar
  19. 4.
    Sermon VI, 4.5 (PL 38, 61).Google Scholar
  20. 5.
    Commentary on Psalm CI, Sermon 2.30 (PL 37, 131).Google Scholar
  21. 1.
    Psalm CXXXIV, par. 4.Google Scholar
  22. 2.
    Confessions, XI, 4.6 (PL 32, 811).Google Scholar
  23. 3.
    Commentary on Psalm CXXXIV, 4 (PL 37, 1741).Google Scholar
  24. 4.
    Commentary on Psalm CXXXIV, 4 (PL 37, 1741).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, Netherlands 1965

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Villanova UniversityUSA

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