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Self-Identity

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Abstract

This term “self-identity” is a more or less idiomatic rendering of Augustine’s idipsum — literally, “it itself”

Keywords

Christian Philosophy True Religion Metaphysical Speculation Divine Esse Intelligible World 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    Phaedo, 78 D.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Plato, ibid.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Commentary on Psalm CXXI, 5 (PL 37, 1622).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    “Quid est ergo’ idipsum’ nisi quod est? Quid est quod est? Quod aeternum est. Nam quod semper aliter atque aliter est, non est quia non manet: non omnino non est, sed non summe est.” Ibid.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    E.g., Parmenides, 132 D; Phaedo, 101 C.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cf. Sophist, 256 A-259 C.Google Scholar
  7. 1.
    Republic, VI, 509 B.Google Scholar
  8. 2.
    Enneads, III, 8.8-9; V, 1.7.Google Scholar
  9. 3.
    Enneads, V, 1.10; V, 2.1; V, 3.12; VI, 7.17.Google Scholar
  10. 4.
    Enneads, III, 8.10-11; V, 1.7.Google Scholar
  11. 5.
    Cf. Augustine, Commentary on Psalm CXXI, 5 (PL 37, 1622); The Trinity, III, 2.8 (PL 42, 842).Google Scholar
  12. 6.
    On the Christian Way of Life, I, 14.24 (PL 32, 1321).Google Scholar
  13. 1.
    See above, Chapter II.Google Scholar
  14. 2.
    “Viderunt isti philosophi [sc, Platonici] … nullum corpus esse Deum: et ideo cuncta corpora transcenderunt, quaerentes summum Deum. Viderunt quidquid mutabile est, non esse summum Deum; et ideo oranem animam mutabilisque omnes Spiritus transcenderunt, quaerentes summum Deum. Deinde viderunt omnem speciem in re quacumque mutabili, qua est quidquid illud est, quoque modo et qualiscumque natura est, non esse posse, nisi ab illo quid vere est, quia incommutabili-ter.” The City of God, VIII, 6 (PL 41, 231).Google Scholar
  15. 3.
    Cf. On Christian Doctrine, II, 12.17 (PL 34,43); The Trinity, XV, 2.2 (PL 12, 1057).Google Scholar
  16. 4.
    Cf. Against Julian the Pelagian, IV, 14.72 (PL 44, 774).Google Scholar
  17. 5.
    Epistle CXXXVII, 4.15 (PL 33, 522).Google Scholar
  18. 6.
    Against Julian the Pelagian, loc. cit.; On the True Religion, V, 8 (PL 34, 126).Google Scholar
  19. 1.
    Sermon VI, 3.4 (PL 38, 61).Google Scholar
  20. 2.
    Sermon VII, 7.7 (PL 38, 66).Google Scholar
  21. 3.
    Above, Chapter ILGoogle Scholar
  22. 4.
    Above, Chapter III.Google Scholar
  23. 5.
    Commentary on Psalm CXXI, 5 (PL 37, 1672); cf. Confessions, XIII, 31.46 (PL 32, 865).Google Scholar
  24. 1.
    “Le Dieu d’Augustin est … le Dieu Chretien en ceci qu’il est l’Étre, mais la notion d’existence, caractéristique de Jehovah, est interprétée par lui c omme une sorte d’énergie d’immutabilité.” E. Gilson, Introduction à l’étude de Saint Augustin, 2nd ed., Paris, Vrin, 1943, p. 186, note 2; trans., L. Lynch, The Christian Philosophy of St. Augustine, New York: Random House, 1960, p. 313, note 2.Google Scholar
  25. 2.
    Cf. above, Chapter II, p. 15.Google Scholar
  26. 1.
    In idipsum quid ait, nisi quod mutari non potest? Caetera, quae sunt creata, aliter et aliter possunt esse; qui autem creavit, aliter et aliter non potest esse. Idipsum ergo ille est, quoniam dictum est ei: “Mutabis ea, et mutabuntur; tu autem idem ipse es, et anni tui non deficient” (Psalm 101: 27, 28). Igitur si ipse idem ipse est, mutari ex nulla parte potest …” Commentary on Psalm CXLVI, 11 (PL 37, 1906); cf. Commentary on Psalm CXXI, 5 (PL 37, 1622); CXXI, 6 (PL 37, 1623); CXLVI, 1 (PL 37, 1899), etc.; The Trinity, III, 2.8 (PL 42, 872).Google Scholar
  27. 2.
    On the Christian Way of Life, I, 14, 24 (PL 32, 1321).Google Scholar
  28. 3.
    Confessions, XIII, 31.46 (PL 32, 865). Of course, there are variant readings of this text; e.g., Ramorino has “… qui non aliquo modo est, sed quod est, est”. But in his latest edition (1962) Skutella follows the older and (I think) better version cited above. In any case Augustine’s meaning is perfectly clear: God exists not in some degree; He simply is.Google Scholar
  29. 1.
    Prologue of Summa Theologiae, Part One.Google Scholar
  30. 2.
    Ibid. Note St. Thomas’s frequent allusions to the order of our knowing in his introductory remarks to the Questions on God’s perfection and goodness, His infinity, His omnipresence and ubiquity, etc.Google Scholar
  31. 3.
    Cf. The Trinity, X, 5.7 (PL 42, 977); X, 9.12 (PL 42, 989); Confessions, X, 22.32 (PL 32, 795).Google Scholar
  32. 4.
    R. Berlinger, Augustins dialogische Metaphysik, Frankfurt am Main, 1962).Google Scholar
  33. 1.
    The City of God, XI, 10.3 (PL 41, 327).Google Scholar
  34. 2.
    Commentary on Psalm CI, sermon 2, 10 (PL 37, 1311).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, Netherlands 1965

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Villanova UniversityUSA

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