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Mutability and Immutability

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Abstract

“I looked upon the things below Thee, and I saw that they neither wholly are nor wholly are not: they are indeed, since they exist from Thee; they are not, because that which Thou art, they are not. For that truly is which abides immutably.”1

Keywords

Formal Inference Christian Doctrine Supreme Essence Existential Limitation Christian PhilosoPhy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    “… inspexi caetera infra te, et vidi nee omnino esse, nee omnino non esse: esse quidem, quoniam abs te sunt; non esse autem, quoniam id quod es non sunt. Id enim vere est, quod incommutabiliter manet” (Confessions, VII, 11.17 [PL 32, 742]).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cf. E. Gilson, The Christian Philosophy of St. Augustine, tr. L. Lynch (New York: Random House, 1960), pp. 22-23; God and Philosophy (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1941), p. 60; Philosophie et Incarnation selon saint Augustin (Montreal: Institut d’études médiévales, 1947), pp. 12-13; “Notes sur l’être et le temps chez saint Augustin,” Recherches Augustiniennes, II (Paris: Études Augustiniennes, 1962), pp. 206-209.Google Scholar
  3. 1.
    The City of God, VII, 6.1 (PL 41 231); cf. The Trinity, VII, 5.10 (PL 42, 912); On the Nature of the Good, XIX, 5.6 (PL 42, 557); On St. John’s Gospel, XCIX, 5 (PL 35, 1888); Sermon VI, 3.4 (PL 38, 61); Epistle CXVIII, 15 (PL 33, 439).Google Scholar
  4. 2.
    Sermon VI, 3.4 (PL 38, 61).Google Scholar
  5. 3.
    The City of God, XII, 2 (PL 41, 350).Google Scholar
  6. 1.
  7. 2.
    Confessions, VII, 11.17 (PL 32, 742); cf. Sermon VI, 3.4 (PL 38, 61); On Christian Doctrine, I, 32.35 (PL 34, 32); Commentary on Psalm CXXI, 5 (PL 37, 1622); Commentary on St. John’s Gospel, XXXVIII, 10 (PL 35, 1680).Google Scholar
  8. 3.
    Sermon VII, 7 (PL 38, 66); cf. The Trinity, V, 2.3 (PL 42, 912); Commentary on St. John’s Gospel, XXXXVIII, 10 (PL 35, 1680).Google Scholar
  9. 4.
    Commentary on Psalm CXXI, 5 (PL 37, 1622); cf. Commentary on Psalm CXLVI, 11 (PL 37, 1906); The Trinity, III, 2.8 (PL 42, 842).Google Scholar
  10. 1.
    Commentary on Psalm CI, sermon II, 10 (PL 37, 1311).Google Scholar
  11. 2.
    The Trinity, XV, 5-7 (PL 42, 1062); cf. The City of God, XI, 6 (PL 41, 321); On Music, VI, II.29 (PL 32, 1179); with C. Boyer, Léidee de vérité dans la Philosophie de saint Augustin (Paris: Beauchesne, 1941), p. 117.Google Scholar
  12. 3.
    The Book of Eighty-Three Questions, q.46, 2 (PL 40, 30).Google Scholar
  13. 4.
    Ibid.; cf. Retractions, I, 3.2 (PL 32, 589); The City of God, XI, 10.3 (PL 41, 327).Google Scholar
  14. 1.
    Incomplete Work Against Julian, V, 44 (PL 45, 1481); V, 60 (PL 45, 1494-95); VI, 5 (PL 45, 1508-09).Google Scholar
  15. 2.
    Suffice it here to refer to Confessions, XIII, 3.4 (PL 32, 846); The City of God, VIII, 6 (PL 41, 251); XII, 2 (PL 41, 350; Commentary on Psalm CXXXIV, 4 (PL 37, 1741); On Christian Doctrine, I, 32.35 (PL 34, 32); On the Christian Way of Life, I, 14.24 (PL 32, 1321); II, 4.6 (PL 32, 1347).Google Scholar
  16. 1.
    Cf. Summa Contra Gentiles, I, ch. 22, par. 9.Google Scholar
  17. 2.
    Cf. A. Trapè, La nozione del mutabile e dell’ immutabile secondo Sant’ Agostino (Tolentino: Edizioni Agostiniani, 1959), esp. pp. 22-23; 67-77; 96-98.Google Scholar
  18. 3.
    On Christian Doctrine, I, 32.35 (PL 34, 32).Google Scholar
  19. 4.
  20. 5.
    “Quare mutabilia sunt? Quia non summe sunt. Quare non summe sunt? Quia inferiora sunt eo a quo facta sunt. Quis ea fecit? Qui summe est. Quis hic est? Deus, incommutabilis Trinitas … Cur ea fecit? Ut essent … Unde fecit? Ex nihilo.” On the True Religion, I, 18.35 (PL 34, 137).Google Scholar
  21. 1.
    “Summum bonum … Deus est; ac per hoc incommutabile bonum est; ideo vere aeternum, et vere immortale. Caetera omnia bona non nisi ab illo sunt, sed non de illo. De illo enim quod est, hoc quod ipse est: ab illo autem quae facta sunt, non sunt quod ipse. Ac per hoc si solus ipse incommutabilis, omnia quae fecit, quia ex nihilo fecit, mutabilia sunt.” On the Nature of the Good, I (PL 42, 55); italics added.Google Scholar
  22. 2.
    “Sublatis de medio omnibus quibus appelari posset et dici Deus, ‘ipsum esse’ se vocari respondit [sc, Deus ad Moysem] et tamquam hoc esset ei nomen; ‘Hoc dices eis, inquit, Qui est, misit me.’ Ita enim ille est, ut in ejus comparatione ea quae facta sunt, non sunt. Illo non comparato, sunt; quoniam ab illo sunt; illi autem comparata, non sunt, quia verum esse, incommutabile esse est, quod ille solus est. Est enim est, sicut honorum bonum, bonum est.” Commentary on Psalm CXXXIV, 4 (PL 37, 174).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, Netherlands 1965

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Villanova UniversityUSA

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