Wars of the Future



One of the favorite jibes of the professional civilian against the military used to be, “The generals always prepare for the last war.” The charge, if true, means that the generals are failures. Their chief excuse for existence is to prepare for the next war and, having prepared for it, successfully to wage it (if need be).


Class Character Class Nature Soviet Republic Soviet State Night Action 
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  1. 1.
    Vos’moi s’ezd RKP (b), Mart 1919 goda: Protokoly (Moscow: Gosudarstvennoe izdatel’stvo politicheskoi literatury, 1959), p. 17.Google Scholar
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    Frunze, Izbrannye proizvedeniia (Moscow: Voennoe izdatel’stvo, 1957), II, p. 8.Google Scholar
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    Ibid., p. 14. Frunze added, “The external form of those internal relations which depend on the changing conditions and course of the struggle may undergo a modification; the state of open warfare may yield its place to some sort of contractual relations which permit, up to a definite level, the peaceful coexistence of the warring sides. These contractual forms, however, do not change the status of the fundamental character of these internal relations. And it is necessary fully to realize and openly to admit that the common, parallel existence of our proletarian Soviet state with the states of the bourgeois-capitalist world for a protracted period is not possible.”Google Scholar
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    Frunze, Izbrannye proizvedeniia, op. cit., II, p. 17. The doctrine of activity exists in many ideologies other than Marxism. The same may be said, of course, of other elements of the ideology.Google Scholar
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    Ibid., p. 45. Frunze also suggested, ibid., pp. 50-51, the employment of night actions and partisan warfare to help overcome the enemy’s advantages in technology. He said, “Partisan actions must be organized and prepared on the broadest scale and separate troops must be trained, systematically and according to plan, in the spirit of the preparation of these activities.… Night actions have always been considered an important form of combat action; with new accomplishments in technology, their role will be even larger. Night actions will permit us to lessen the importance of our technological backwardness.”Google Scholar
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    Trotsky, op. cit., III, Book II, p. 250.Google Scholar
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    Ibid., pp. 267-268.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, Netherlands 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of MarylandUSA

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